Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Larry EchoHawk Officially Sworn In as Interior's New Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs
Last edited 4/25/2016
WASHINGTON, D.C. – Larry Echohawk, 60, was sworn into office today as the Interior Department's 11th Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs. EchoHawk is an enrolled member of the Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma whose nomination was confirmed by the United States Senate on May 19, 2009. Secretary Salazar conducted the official swearing in ceremony.
“I am very pleased to welcome Larry EchoHawk to the Interior Department,” Salazar said. “I will rely on his steady leadership as we move forward to protect tribal communities, advance Indian education, carry out our trust responsibilities, support sustainable tribal economies, and address Indian Country's infrastructure needs under the Recovery Act.”
A public swearing-in ceremony at the Department's headquarters in Washington, D.C., will be scheduled in the coming weeks.
“I want to thank President Obama and Secretary Salazar for this opportunity to be a part of their efforts to bring positive change to Indian Country,” Echohawk said. “I also want to thank the Congress and tribal leaders for their confidence and support. To the Indian Affairs employees, I want to express my appreciation for their dedication to serving the American Indian and Alaska Native people. We will continue to honor the federal trust responsibility, to support tribal self-determination and to make a positive difference in the tribal communities we serve.”
EchoHawk comes to Interior from Brigham Young University in Utah, where he is a professor of law at BYU's J. Reuben Clark Law School. His law career of over 35 years includes experience in the areas of legal aid services, federal Indian law, private practice, and public service as a tribal attorney, county prosecutor and, following his election in 1990, attorney general for the state of Idaho. In the 1980s, he served two consecutive terms in the Idaho House of Representatives.
EchoHawk also has served with organizations that focus on American Indian and youth issues. He is a past member of the American Indian Services National Advisory Board and Board of Trustees, the Indian Alcoholism Counseling and Recovery Housing Program and the American Indian Community Resource Center Board, and was appointed by President Clinton to the federal Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
EchoHawk received his Bachelor of Science degree in 1970 from BYU, where he was an outstanding football athelete, and his Juris Doctor degree in 1973 from the University of Utah.
A former U.S. Marine, EchoHawk is the first American Indian in U.S. history to be elected as a state attorney general.
The Assistant Secretary-Indian Affairs has responsibility for helping the Secretary of the Interior to fulfill his trust responsibilities to tribal and individual trust beneficiaries and promoting self-determination and self-governance for the nation's 562 federally recognized American Indian and Alaska Native The Assistant Secretary oversees the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) and the Bureau of Indian Education (BIE), which administers one of two federal school systems.