Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Seasoned backpacker and adventurer Yang Lu earned the grand prize in the 2015 Share the Experience photo contest with this image of a sunburst captured at sunrise in Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah. Yang has made the outdoors part of his daily life and finds deep connection to the land through his lens.
“My photography is not just for recreation, it is to inspire people to explore these areas." -- Yang Lu
Photo by Yang Lu (www.sharetheexperience.org).
Interior Announces Improved Valuation Method for Oil Produced on American Indian Lands
Office of the Secretary
Comment Sought on Rule that Would Improve Fairness, Clarity for Royalties to Indian Country
Last edited 4/26/2016
WASHINGTON, D.C. – Following President Obama's historic visit to Indian Country last week where he underscored his commitment to work with tribal leaders to build strong, resilient economies, Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell announced today that the Department is proposing a set of common sense regulations for valuing oil produced on American Indian leases. It is expected that these regulations will offer greater simplicity, certainty and clarity in Indian oil valuation and could boost Indian Country royalties by $20 million annually.
“Ensuring that tribal communities receive their fair share of oil and gas revenues for energy produced on their own lands is consistent with our trust responsibility to tribes,” said Secretary Sally Jewell, who chairs the White House Council on Native American Affairs. “Reflecting the President's strong commitment to tribal sovereignty and self-governance, these updated regulations we're announcing today will not only help protect and fairly value Indian energy assets but encourage exploration and development and ensure consistency with current federal oil and gas valuation rules.”
In formulating a set of consistent and clear regulations for Indian oil valuation, the Department's Office of Natural Resource Revenue (ONRR) conducted numerous consultation meetings with Tribal representatives and Indian mineral landowners to solicit additional feedback from affected American Indian communities and to meet the Secretary's Indian trust requirements.
The current valuation rule has been in place since 1988, and many changes have occurred in the oil market since then. A Negotiated Rulemaking Committee, authorized and established under the Federal Advisory Committee Act, was formed in late 2011 and charged with bringing clarity and consistency to oil valuation regulations governing production on American Indian lands. The committee included representatives from American Indian Tribes, Individual Indian Mineral Owner Associations, the oil and gas industry, ONRR and the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
The Negotiated Rulemaking Committee met nine times through 2012 and 2013, reaching agreement on a proposal to base royalties on the higher of gross proceeds or an index-based formula that captures a unique provision of Indian lease terms referred to as a ‘major portion price.' Major portion refers to the highest price paid for the oil produced from a field or area. ONRR estimates that Indian lessors will benefit by an additional $20 million annually from the new valuation method.
It will be published in the Federal Register on Thursday, June 19 and accessible via www.regulations.gov. Public comments on the new rule will be accepted for 60 days.
All comments will be carefully considered before the final rule is published. Comments may be filed electronically, via www.regulations.gov, or mailed to: Armand South all, Regulatory Specialist, ONRR, P.O. Box 25165, and MS 61030A, Denver, Colo. 80225-0165.
Comments may also be delivered by hand, or through an overnight courier service, to the Office of Natural Resources Revenue, Building 85, Room A-614, Denver Federal Center, West 6th Avenue and Kipling Street, Denver, Colo. 80225.