Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
For National Trails Day, Secretary Jewell, National Park Service Director Jarvis Announce 21 National Recreation Trails in 11 States
Office of the Secretary
New Recognitions Support Administration's Initiative to Promote Outdoor Recreational Opportunities, Connection to Nature
Last edited 4/26/2016
WASHINGTON, D.C. - To promote outdoor recreation and reconnect Americans to nature, Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell and Director of the National Park Service Jonathan B. Jarvis today announced the recognition of 19 hiking and biking trails and two water trails as national recreation trails, adding 452 miles in 11 states to the National Trails System.
“I can think of no better way to celebrate National Trails Day than to support the efforts of local communities by formally recognizing these exceptional trails as national recreation trails,” Jewell said. “They provide easily accessible places to get exercise and connect with nature in both urban and rural areas, and promote our goal of encouraging all Americans, especially youth, to play, learn, serve and work in the great outdoors.”
On Saturday, June 7, hundreds of organized activities are planned as part of National Trails Day, including hikes, educational programs, bike rides, trail rehabilitation projects, festivals, paddle trips, and trail dedications. A listing of activities is available on the American Hiking Society's website.
“The National Trails System connects Americans with federal, state and local lands and nationwide,” Jarvis said. “As we celebrate National Trails Day, this network of more than 16,000 miles continues to grow and offer new opportunities for Americans to explore the great outdoors.”
National recreation trail designation recognizes existing trails and trail systems that link communities to recreational opportunities on public lands and in local parks across the nation. Each of the new national recreation trails will receive a certificate of designation, a letter of congratulations from Secretary Jewell, and a set of trail markers.
Both the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Agriculture have the authority to approve designations in response to an application from the trail's managing agency or organization.
The national recreation trails program is jointly administered by the National Park Service and the Forest Service in conjunction with a number of other federal and not-for-profit partners, notably American Trails, which hosts the national recreation trails website.
The following 21 trails are being designated this year as national recreation trails:
Wild Burro Trail
The Wild Burro Trail is the gateway to the Tortolita Mountains trail system, adjacent to the Town of Marana. The 6.3-mile trail provides access to 29 miles of connecting trails within the system. The trail offers views, historic sites, canyon cottonwood trees, crested saguaros, wildflowers, and the opportunity to observe birds, reptiles and mammals unique to the Sonoran Desert.
North Slope Trail
The North Slope Trail is an easy-to-hike one-mile trail through the coastal hills of northern California. This popular trail has sweeping views of Lake Sonoma and the surrounding wine country and is enjoyed by a wide variety of visitors. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers; the Northern California Chapter of the Back County Horsemen of America; not-for-profit organizations, including the Friends of Lake Sonoma; and park volunteers formed a unique partnership to achieve the design and construction of the trail.
Ventura River Parkway Trail
The 16.5-mile Ventura River Parkway Trail includes two major trails: the Ventura River Trail and the Ojai Valley Trail. From the Ventura River Estuary to the city of Ojai, the contiguous corridor of pedestrian and cycling trails, river crossings and public access points reconnect people in the city and rural communities to the river. The trail links diverse communities to nature to provide health and fitness benefits to youth and adults.
Apalachicola River Blueway
This water trail stretches 106 miles from the dam in Chattahoochee to Apalachicola Bay. The Apalachicola River flows through one of the nation's richest hotspots of biodiversity and is bordered by large tracts of pristine, undeveloped land, which are home to many threatened and rare species of plants and animals. The river flows through the heart of Old Florida, a tapestry of wild landscapes and vanishing cultures. It is a rare gem in the Florida Panhandle.
Harbins Park Trail System
Conveniently located within the eastern edges of Gwinnett County and adjacent to several schools, the 30-mile Harbins Park Trail System is the setting for environmental studies, fitness activities and nature experiences. The botanical richness of Harbins Park makes it a favorite destination for flower lovers. With a variety of multi-use paved trails and soft surface nature trails, there is a trail to satisfy every visitor.
Little Mulberry Park Trails
Located in the northeast portion of Gwinnett County, Little Mulberry Park has something for everyone. From the handicapped-accessible Pond Trail to the challenging unpaved Ravine Loop Trail, the park's trails offer 13 miles of walking, hiking, jogging, equestrian and biking opportunities for all ages and fitness levels.
McDaniel Farm Park Trails
The McDaniel Farm Park Trail is a 2.3-mile series of paved loops located within the 133-acre former farm site in Gwinnett County. Historic farm buildings, green pastures and shaded groves of trees line the trails, providing a glimpse of the past. This natural oasis is a break in the midst of modern day “mall sprawl.” Nearby residents with diverse cultural origins walk and run the trails on a daily basis to enjoy the benefits of an active lifestyle of health and fitness.
Settles Bridge Park Trail
Settles Bridge Park is situated on the upper banks of the Chattahoochee River in the City of Suwanee. The park's 4.5-mile multi-use trail system, arranged in several loops, has both paved and natural surfaces. Located adjacent to an elementary school, the trails provide places for youth to play and learn. The park's nature trails have access to the river via trails maintained by the Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area.
Dedham Loop Water Trail
This 7.2-mile water trail on the Charles River in the Town of Dedham has received tremendous support from the community with in-kind donations. Many trail programs are offered throughout the year by the Town and in partnership with L.L. Bean Outdoor Adventures, including Pathfinders, a paddling program for youth and adults with disabilities. Partner support has enabled the free use of kayaks and canoes by families that may not have been able to access this resource in the past.
Mass Central Rail Trail (Northampton Section)
Portions of this 5.3-mile trail were among the first municipal rail trails developed in New England in 1985. In 2001, the trail expanded to connect to other rail trails and tie various village centers together. Highlights along the trail include downtown Northampton, Barrett Street Marsh, downtown Florence, Look Park, the Village of Leeds, the Mill River, and two dramatic historic stone arch bridges.
New Haven & Northampton Canal Rail Trail (Northampton Section)
The New Haven and Northampton Canal Rail Trail extends from the Mass Central Rail Trail on the north side of downtown Northampton southerly to the Easthampton town line. The four-mile multi-use trail is ideally suited for walking, running, bicycling or rollerblading. It is within walking distance for 50 percent of the Northampton community. The highlight of the trail is a trail-related art mural on the rail trail bridge over Main Street.
Copper Harbor Trails
At the tip of the Keweenaw Peninsula, this 30-mile trail system is recognized by the International Mountain Bicycling Association as a Silver-Level Ride Center. The system has sweeping views of Lake Superior, extensive singletrack over cedar-planked bridges and boardwalks, flow and gravity trails, and routes that wind through old growth forests, along streams, inland lakes and places of historical significance. The trails are also open for hiking, trail running, backcountry skiing, and snowshoeing.
Genesee Valley Greenway State Park
This 84-mile corridor follows the route of the 19th century Genesee Valley Canal and the later Genesee Valley Railroad. It provides recreation and an off-road link for 16 towns from the Town of Rochester to the Village of Cuba. The greenway offers a mix of flat, easily-traversed trails through woodlands, wetlands, river and stream valleys, rolling farmlands, steep gorges, and historic villages.
Harlem Valley Rail Trail – Columbia County
This paved bicycle/pedestrian path is built on the railbed of the old Harlem Line of the New York Central Railroad. It is ideal for runners, bicyclists, walkers, rollerbladers, cross-county skiers, wheelchair users, hikers and dog walkers who enjoy combining the quiet beauty of rural landscapes with healthy exercise. The four miles of trail in Columbia County, from Undermountain Road to Hillsdale, feeds into Taconic State Park.
Harlem Valley Rail Trail – Dutchess County
The trail extends 10.7 miles north from the terminus of Metro North's Harlem Valley commuter line at Wassaic to the heart of the historic Village of Millerton. Along the way, it passes through the Village of Amenia, forests, wetlands, fields and meadows. The trail is revitalizing the communities it passes through and gives people for miles around a secure, beautiful place to get outdoors.
Hudson Valley Rail Trail
The 3.6-mile Hudson Valley Rail Trail passes through the Black Creek Wetlands Complex (with its vistas of the Illinois Mountain Range), travels through the Town of Lloyd and connects at its eastern end to Walkway Over the Hudson State Historic Park. The nearly 670,000 annual trail users include health enthusiasts, walkers, runners, cyclists, skateboarders, inline skaters, cross-country skiers, birders and individuals just wanting a quiet moment to collect their thoughts.
Long Path through Mine Kill State Park
A partnership among Mine Kill State Park, the New York Power Authority, and the Long Path North Hiking Club supports the Long Path through Mine Kill State Park. The trail is consistently rated very highly among hikers who have experienced its natural beauty. From open bluffs with inspiring views of Schoharie Creek, to dense groves of hemlock, pine and oak, to the tranquil Mine Kill Falls, this five-mile section of the Long Path contains a wealth of history, geology, diverse ecology and wildlife.
Rocky Knob Park Trail System
In Watauga County, nine miles of mountain bike trails climb in stacked loops to the top of Rocky Knob Mountain. Each loop provides an increase in challenge and elevation. Signature features include a pump track and four technical skill areas that challenge riders with skinnies, rock drops and a jump trail. Riders are encouraged to progress their skills in authentically challenging terrain.
Horse-Shoe Trail – Warwick to FCSP Section
This historic 17.4-mile section of the Horse-Shoe Trail, a bridle (“Horse”) and hiking (“Shoe”) path, traverses Warwick County Park, State Game Lands, Crow's Nest Preserve, Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site and French Creek State Park. It is located within the Hopewell Big Woods, which is part of the Schuylkill Highlands. This part of Pennsylvania is noted for remnants of the early American iron industry.
SC Revolutionary Rivers
This 66-mile trail on scenic waterways offers a series of short excursions, overnight rustic camping opportunities and reminders of the Revolutionary War. Led by General Francis Marion, known as the Swamp Fox, Patriots engaged in guerrilla warfare against the Loyalists in the cypress and tupelo laden swamplands of Florence and Marion counties. Paddling is a popular activity for diverse demographics. On the SC Revolutionary Rivers, it provides low-impact exercise and opportunities to experience nature and history.
Urban Wilderness South Loop Trail
A few miles from the City of Knoxville's downtown core, the 28.4-mile Urban Wilderness South Loop Trail has a unique urban-wilderness combination, connects public and private lands, and offers a diversity of views, topography and scenery. Noteworthy destinations include Ijams Nature Center, Mead's Quarry, William Hastie Natural Area and the Forks of the River Wildlife Management Area. The majority of the trail was built by the volunteer efforts of the Appalachian Mountain Bike Club.