Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Seasoned backpacker and adventurer Yang Lu earned the grand prize in the 2015 Share the Experience photo contest with this image of a sunburst captured at sunrise in Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah. Yang has made the outdoors part of his daily life and finds deep connection to the land through his lens.
“My photography is not just for recreation, it is to inspire people to explore these areas." -- Yang Lu
Photo by Yang Lu (www.sharetheexperience.org).
Salazar, Bromwich Announce Proposed Rule to Further Strengthen Workplace Safety in Offshore Oil and Gas Operations
Office of the Secretary
WASHINGTON, D.C. – Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar and Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement (BOEMRE) Director Michael R. Bromwich today announced a proposed rule that will reduce the likelihood of accidents, injuries and spills in connection with oil and natural gas exploration and development activities, as the Department continues to expand safe and responsible domestic oil and gas development on the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf (OCS).
The proposed Safety and Environmental Management Systems (SEMS) rule is part of a series of safety and environmental reforms implemented by the Department of the Interior since the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. The proposed rule, which enhances the Workplace Safety Rule issued in October 2010, will add greater protection by supplementing operators' SEMS programs with employee training, engaging personnel in safety management, and strengthening auditing procedures by requiring them to be completed by independent third parties.
“As we continue to encourage balanced and responsible oil and gas development on the OCS, we must remain fully focused on continually strengthening safety standards to protect workers and to reduce the risk of accidents and spills,” said Secretary Salazar. “Our goal is to ensure that safety is front and center every day, for every worker, on every project.”
“This proposed rule is the latest regulatory reform we have undertaken to enhance the safety of offshore energy operations,” said Director Bromwich. “The protection of human life and the environment are top priorities for BOEMRE. Implementing a comprehensive program with these additional features will further our goal of avoiding accidents that may result in injuries, fatalities and serious environmental damage.
A SEMS program is a comprehensive safety and environmental management program designed to reduce human and organizational errors that have been found to be the contributing or root cause of work-related accidents and offshore oil spills. SEMS programs apply to all oil and natural gas activities and facilities on the OCS including drilling, production, construction, well workover, well completion, well servicing, lifting activities and Department of the Interior (DOI) pipeline activities. In meetings with oil and gas operators, executives have expressed optimism regarding the implementation of the Workplace Safety Rule, which goes into effect in November 2011. These supplemental requirements, introduced today with an opportunity for significant public comment, enhance the rule with six additional items that operators should include in their comprehensive safety and environmental management programs:
Additional requirements for conducting a Job Safety Analysis;
Procedures to authorize any and all employees on the facility to implement a Stop Work Authority when witnessing an activity that creates a threat of danger to an individual, property and/or the environment;
Clearly defined requirements establishing who has the ultimate work authority on the facility for operational safety and decision making at any given time;
An employee participation program for SEMS implementation;
Guidelines for reporting unsafe work conditions; and
A requirement that safety audits be conducted by third part auditors.
The notice is available today for review in the Federal Register: http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/public-inspection/index.html. BOEMRE invites the public to comment on the proposed regulations by November 14, 2011 through any of the following methods. Please use the Regulation Identifier Number (RIN) 1010–AD73 as an identifier in your message.
BOEMRE's Public Engagement web page: http://www.boemre.gov/PublicComment.htm Follow the instructions to submit public comments and view supporting and related materials available for this rulemaking. BOEMRE will post all comments.
Mail or hand-carry comments to the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement; Attention: Regulations and Standards Branch (RSB); 381 Elden Street, MS-4024, Herndon, Virginia 20170-4817. Please reference “Revisions to Safety and Environmental Management Systems (SEMS), 1010–AD73” in your comments and include your name and return address.