Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Seasoned backpacker and adventurer Yang Lu earned the grand prize in the 2015 Share the Experience photo contest with this image of a sunburst captured at sunrise in Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah. Yang has made the outdoors part of his daily life and finds deep connection to the land through his lens.
“My photography is not just for recreation, it is to inspire people to explore these areas." -- Yang Lu
Photo by Yang Lu (www.sharetheexperience.org).
Interior to Revise, Simplify Federal Oil and Natural Gas Royalty Regulations
Office of the Secretary
Public comment sought on cost-saving method to calculate billions in annual royalties from oil and natural gas produced on public lands
WASHINGTON, DC – Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar today announced that the Department is evaluating the potential streamlining of regulations that govern the calculation of royalties owed to the United States from oil and natural gas produced offshore and on federal lands. Current regulations require complex, transaction-by-transaction evaluations of the negotiated price for the oil and gas produced on public lands, followed by an analysis of the costs associated with transportation and gas processing.
Under today's notice, Interior will explore the use of geographically-based market prices as the presumptive value of oil and gas produced in that region, thus removing the need to undertake a transaction-by-transaction, fact-specific evaluation of contract amounts, and transportation and gas processing costs. These changes could dramatically improve compliance and reduce administrative costs for industry and the government, as well as better ensure proper royalty valuation by creating a more transparent royalty calculation method.
“Regulations that were initially developed in the 1980s have not kept pace with the significant changes that have occurred in the oil and natural gas markets,” Secretary Salazar said. “This effort – part of the President's call for more effective, less burdensome regulations – aims to provide cost savings to industry while ensuring the American taxpayer is properly compensated for the use of our Nation's resources.”
During Fiscal Year 2010, the agency collected and disbursed more than $9.1 billion from energy related activities to states, American Indian Tribes and individual Indian mineral owners, and to various federal accounts, including the U.S. Treasury, the Land and Water Conservation Fund, and the Reclamation Fund. The proposed changes would be revenue neutral and would not alter existing royalty rates.
“We want input from industry, states and the general public,” added Salazar. “The ultimate goal of the new regulations is a simpler, smarter market-oriented process that is less burdensome to both industry and the government.”
The Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR), the federal agency responsible for collecting and disbursing revenues from energy production that occurs on federal onshore and offshore lands, and American Indian lands, will schedule public meetings and consultations to ensure transparency in the process and seek agreement on the proposed regulations.
“Simplifying and making more transparent the process by which royalties are collected for oil and gas development potentially can help build confidence in the royalty collection process, while saving significant transaction and compliance costs incurred by both government and industry,” said David J. Hayes, Deputy Secretary of the Department of the Interior.
“A simplified regulatory approach can make it easier for industry to comply with the requirements, reduce industry costs, and help ONRR ensure that all oil and gas royalties due to the government are paid correctly and in a timely fashion,” said Assistant Secretary for Policy Management and Budget Rhea Suh.
The Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking will be published in the Federal Register within a week. Comments and suggestions will then be accepted for 60 days.
Once the initial comments have been reviewed, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue will schedule public workshops to gather additional input before drafting the proposed regulations. The proposed regulations will also be offered for public comment.