Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Interior Programs Supported 2 Million Jobs Nationwide, Contributed $363 Billion in Economic Output during 2010
Office of the Secretary
WASHINGTON -- The Department of the Interior's wide range of recreational, conservation, energy, land and water management programs and activities supported more than 2 million American jobs and contributed about $363 billion to the Nation's economic activity in fiscal year 2010, according to a departmental report using standard input-output economic modeling techniques.
“Usually, the value of Interior's programs and activities is measured by the type of services we provide the American people, whether conserving a landscape, containing a wildfire, facilitating energy development on public lands or welcoming the public to a national park or wildlife refuge,” Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar said in announcing the release of the study. “This report demonstrates that the Department also generates and supports private sector jobs and economic growth across the Nation, underscoring how investing in recreation, conservation and energy development can play an important role in getting our economy moving again.”
Interior-managed public lands, through recreation visits and natural resource management activities, support a stable work-force that is important to the economic health of the communities and regions where these activities take place. Interior's programs and activities are managed primarily by its eight bureaus, each with a distinct mission, ranging from land and water management, to providing recreational services at parks, monuments and refuges, to wildlife conservation, supporting American Indian tribal communities, providing science for a changing world, and managing energy and mineral development on public lands.
Among the report's major highlights:
The 437 million recreational visits to Interior-managed lands in 2010 supported more than 388,000 jobs nationwide and contributed over $44 billion in economic activity. Many of those jobs were in rural communities, including 15,000 jobs in Utah, 14,000 jobs in Wyoming, 9,000 in Colorado and 8,000 in Arizona.
Energy development and mining on lands Interior manages supported about 1.3 million jobs and $246 billion in economic activity. Most of those jobs are in Wyoming, New Mexico, Louisiana and Texas.
Interior provides services to 1.7 million American Indians and Alaska Natives from 565 tribes. Activities on tribal lands contribute more than $14 billion in economic output and support nearly 137,000 jobs. Other support for tribal governments (through loan guarantees, and other aid to tribal governments) contributes $1.2 billion in economic output and about 13,000 jobs.
Interior's water supply, forage and timber activities, primarily on public lands in the West, supported about 370,000 jobs and $48 billion in economic activity.
Land acquisitions and infrastructure maintenance also support a wide variety of natural resource preservation and enhancement as well as recreation activities. The $214 million spent on land acquisitions in 2010 contributed an estimated $442 million in economic activity and supported about 3,000 jobs. Investments in construction and maintenance totaled about $2 billion, which contributed about $5.5 billion in economic activity and supported about 41,000 jobs.
The economic contribution of restoration efforts for the Chesapeake Bay, the Great Lakes and the Everglades contributed $427 million in economic output and support more than 3,200 jobs.
Total jobs and economic activity supported by Interior activities are estimated using standard input-output economic modeling techniques. The models are used to trace expenditures in a particular industry, how that money cycles through the economy, and the additional economic activity that results. Input-output models provide a snapshot of economic activity at a given point in time for a given region and reflect the pattern and level of economic activity within that region at that time.