Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Seasoned backpacker and adventurer Yang Lu earned the grand prize in the 2015 Share the Experience photo contest with this image of a sunburst captured at sunrise in Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah. Yang has made the outdoors part of his daily life and finds deep connection to the land through his lens.
“My photography is not just for recreation, it is to inspire people to explore these areas." -- Yang Lu
Photo by Yang Lu (www.sharetheexperience.org).
Interior Details Path Forward on Indian Gaming Policy
Office of the Secretary Policy Management and Budget
Salazar, Echo Hawk: “Actions Must be ‘Principled and Transparent'”
Last edited 4/25/2016
WASHINGTON – The Department of the Interior will continue to process eligible pending applications for gaming on Indian lands while it consults and collaborates with tribal leaders in a comprehensive review of federal Indian gaming policy, Assistant Secretary-Indian Affairs Larry Echo Hawk said today.
“Secretary Salazar believes that the Interior Department needs to establish clear guidelines for how it will review and make decisions on Indian gaming applications or requests under the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act,” Echo Hawk said. “I agree with the common-sense approach outlined in Secretary Salazar's memorandum on Indian gaming. With this guidance, we intend to continue to move forward not only on pending applications and requests for gaming on Indian lands, but also on meaningful consultation on federal Indian gaming policy in accordance with President Obama's commitment to the government-to-government relationship with tribal nations.”
The Interior Department's path forward on Indian gaming policy is outlined in a memorandum from Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar to Assistant Secretary Echo Hawk.
The Interior Department, through the Assistant Secretary-Indian Affairs, has the authority and responsibility to review and approve applications to take land into trust for Indian gaming, adhering to the legal standards set forth in federal law, including the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA) and the Indian Reorganization Act. Congress enacted IGRA to provide a basis for gaming by federally recognized tribes “as a means of promoting tribal economic development, self-sufficiency, and strong tribal governments.”
Revenues from tribal gaming are used for specific purposes, including funding tribal government operations and programs, and providing for the general welfare of the tribe and its members. Proceeds from gaming can allow a tribe to provide greatly needed services such as health care, education and housing, thereby increasing the tribe's self-reliance, one of the Act's goals.
Under IGRA's implementing regulations, Interior also has the responsibility to determine whether gaming can occur on lands acquired after IGRA's enactment in 1988. The Act established two distinct types of post-1988 Indian gaming applications or requests: “Off Reservation” Land-in-Trust/Gaming Requests [25 U.S.C. Section 2719(b)(1)(A)] and Reservation and Equal Footing Exceptions [25 U.S.C. Sections 2719(a) and (b)(1)(B)].
In the more than twenty 20 years since IGRA was passed, Interior has approved only five applications under the “off reservation,” or “two-part” determination, provision and only 36 applications under the reservation and equal footing exceptions.
In accordance with the Secretary's memorandum, the Assistant Secretary will undertake a review of issues raised by off-reservation gaming applications, including an examination of current guidance and regulatory standards and consultation with tribes, to guide Interior's decision-making in this area. As noted by the Secretary in his memorandum, the adoption of “principled and transparent” criteria regarding such determinations will lead to sound federal Indian gaming policy on two-part determination applications and requests.
In addition, the Assistant Secretary will work with the Interior Solicitor to determine whether the lands in certain other applications are eligible for gaming under the reservation and equal footing exceptions of IGRA.