A rugged, whitewater river flowing northward through deep canyons, the New River is among the oldest rivers on the continent. New River Gorge National River in West Virginia encompasses over 70,000 acres of land along the New River, is rich in cultural and natural history, and offers an abundance of scenic and recreational opportunities.
Big Southern Butte is one of two domes rising from a sea of basalt near the center of the eastern Snake River Plain in Idaho. The butte is one of the largest volcanic domes in the world, but at 300,000 years old it is also one of the youngest. Hikers who trek to the 7,550-foot high summit are rewarded with spectacular panoramic views. Photo by Devin Englestead, BLM Upper Snake Wildlife Biologist.
First light at Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge in New Mexico. Established in November 22, 1939, the refuge has provided a critical stopover and wintering spot for thousands of sandhill cranes, geese and other waterfowl for 75 years. Bosque del Apache's sandhill crane population has multiplied from 18 birds in the 1840s to more than 20,000 birds today. Photo by Kim Hang Dessoliers (www.sharetheexperience.org).
Trustees Settle Natural Resource Damage Claims Arising from Hazardous Substances Releases into St. Lawrence Environment, St. Lawrence County, New York
Last edited 7/15/2015
On July 17, 2013, the federal, State and Tribal natural resource trustees settled natural resource damage claims with two parties arising from hazardous substances releases into St. Lawrence River watershed, near Massena, St. Lawrence County, in northern New York. The settling parties are Alcoa, Inc. and Reynolds Metals Company. The settlement is embodied in a Consent Decree that was entered by the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of New York.
The natural resource trustees involved in this case include:
St. Regis Mohawk Tribe;
State of New York, represented by New York Department of Environmental Conservation;
U.S. Department of Commerce, represented by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and,
U.S. Department of the Interior, represented by Bureau of Indian Affairs and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Pollution from former, large industrial manufacturing facilities in Massena, New York, has contaminated soils, sediments, groundwater and surface waters in the St. Lawrence Environment. The 2,700-acre Alcoa West aluminum products manufacturing facility released hazardous substances, including PCBs, onto the facility property and into Grasse River. The 1,600-acre Reynolds Metals aluminum ore refining facility, now operated by Alcoa, discharged various types of hazardous wastes, including PAHs, into St. Lawrence River.
The trustees determined that the hazardous substances released by these industrial operations injured natural resources, including sediment, fish, birds, amphibians and mammals. Natural resource services -- including recreational fishing and Tribal cultural uses -- were also injured.
Cleanup of this contamination is being undertaken pursuant to a Unilateral Administrative Order issued by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. This UAO requires Alcoa to investigate the contamination and implement remedial actions.
Under this settlement for natural resource damages in the entered Consent Decree, the settling parties will:
Pay $933,950 for trustees’ past assessment costs, including $638,644.25 for DOI past costs;
Pay $7,279,883 for natural resource restoration projects;
Pay $8,387,898 for Tribal cultural restoration projects;
Acquire and transfer title to the State two parcels of land: the Coles Creek parcel and Wilson Hill parcel; and,