Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Trustees Release Final Study Plan for Mink Injury Determination for Hudson River Natural Resource Damage Assessment, New York
Last edited 4/26/2016
PCBs-related injury to the American mink (Mustela vison), shown here, in Upper Hudson River drainage in New York, is the focus of the newly-released, final Study Plan for Mink Injury Determination. Photo credit: Roy W. Lowe, FWS.
On July 13, 2012, the federal and State natural resource trustees released the final, publicly-reviewed “Study Plan for Mink Injury Determination -- Investigation of Mink Abundance and Density Relative to Polychlorinated Biphenyl Contamination within the Hudson River Drainage.”
The natural resource trustees in this case include:
State of New York, represented by New York Department of Environmental Conservation;
U.S. Department of Commerce, represented by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and,
U.S. Department of the Interior, represented by National Park Service and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Between 1947 and 1977, the General Electric Company released up to 1.3 million pounds of PCBs into Hudson River from two capacitor manufacturing plants, one in Hudson Falls and the other in Fort Edward. In 1984, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency placed a 200-mile stretch of the River in New York -- from Hudson Falls to the Battery in New York City -- on the National Priorities List due to PCBs contamination.
These PCBs releases contaminated sediments in the Hudson River injuring natural resources. In 2002, the trustees finalized a strategy to determine these injuries in the publicly-reviewed “Hudson River Natural Resource Damage Assessment Plan.” This Damage Assessment Plan identified otter and mink health as an area of pertinent biological investigation. The final Study Plan for Mink Injury Determination is being undertaken pursuant to this Assessment Plan.
The objective of the Study is to estimate abundance and density of the American mink in areas within the Upper Hudson River drainage, where elevated levels of PCBs have been found, and to compare that with estimated mink abundance and density in an uncontaminated, reference river drainage, in this case, the Mohawk River. No mink will be killed, trapped or adversely affected in the Study.
Pursuant to the Damage Assessment Plan, the results of the work conducted under this Study will be peer reviewed then publicly released.