Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Trustees Settle Natural Resource Damage Claims at Industri-Plex NPL Site in Woburn, Middlesex County, Massachusetts
Last edited 2/14/2017
On January 11, 2013, the federal and State natural resource trustees settled natural resource damage claims with two parties arising from hazardous substances releases at the Industri-Plex National Priorities List site in Woburn, Middlesex County, in northeastern Massachusetts. This settlement is embodied in a Consent Decree entered with the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts.
The natural resource trustees in this case include:
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, represented by Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs;
U.S. Department of Commerce, represented by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and,
U.S. Department of the Interior, represented by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
The Industri-Plex site is a 250-acre, former manufacturing facility bisected by Aberjona River in Woburn. Insecticides, explosives, acids, other chemicals and glue were manufactured by a variety of industries at the site from 1853 to 1969. In 1983, U.S Environmental Protection Agency placed the site on the National Priorities List. Portions of the site have since been remediated and redeveloped for both public and commercial uses.
The two settling parties -- Bayer Cropscience, Inc. and Pharmacia Corp. -- are successors to the companies responsible for the release hazardous substances from the disposal of manufacturing byproducts and residues to pits, piles and lagoons at the site. These hazardous substances contaminated soils with elevated levels of metals such as arsenic, lead and chromium. The trustees determined that these hazardous substances injured natural resources by degrading wetland, river and lake habitat used by a variety of wildlife, including fish, turtles, amphibians and migratory birds.
Under the settlement in the entered Consent Decree, the settling companies will:
Pay $437,873 plus interest for the natural resource trustees assessment costs; and,
Pay $3,812,127 plus interest for trustee-sponsored natural resource restoration projects.
The funds for restoration projects will be used for restoration project planning, project implementation and project monitoring. Altogether, the total monetary value of the settlement is $4.25 million.
Next, the trustees will prepare a Draft Restoration Plan describing and evaluating options for restoring the injured natural resources and natural resource services at the Industri-Plex site pursuant to the settlement. This Draft Restoration Plan will be made available for public review and comment.