A rugged, whitewater river flowing northward through deep canyons, the New River is among the oldest rivers on the continent. New River Gorge National River in West Virginia encompasses over 70,000 acres of land along the New River, is rich in cultural and natural history, and offers an abundance of scenic and recreational opportunities.
Big Southern Butte is one of two domes rising from a sea of basalt near the center of the eastern Snake River Plain in Idaho. The butte is one of the largest volcanic domes in the world, but at 300,000 years old it is also one of the youngest. Hikers who trek to the 7,550-foot high summit are rewarded with spectacular panoramic views. Photo by Devin Englestead, BLM Upper Snake Wildlife Biologist.
First light at Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge in New Mexico. Established in November 22, 1939, the refuge has provided a critical stopover and wintering spot for thousands of sandhill cranes, geese and other waterfowl for 75 years. Bosque del Apache's sandhill crane population has multiplied from 18 birds in the 1840s to more than 20,000 birds today. Photo by Kim Hang Dessoliers (www.sharetheexperience.org).
Trustees Release Final Restoration Plan for Natural Resources Injured by Hazardous Substances Releases into Lower Duwamish River, Washington
Last edited 7/14/2015
On September 24, 2013, the federal, State and Tribal natural resource trustees released the publicly-reviewed “Final Lower Duwamish River NRDA Restoration Plan and Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement.” This Restoration Plan is intended to expedite future site-specific restoration projects and to facilitate preparation of project-specific environmental documents associated with natural resource injuries at the Lower Duwamish River National Priorities List site in Seattle, King County, Washington.
The natural resource trustees involved in this case include;
Muckleshoot Indian Tribe;
State of Washington, represented by Washington Department of Ecology, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife and Washington Department of Natural Resources;
U.S. Department of Commerce, represented by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and,
U.S. Department of the Interior, represented by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Bureau of Indian Affairs.
Duwamish River -- the name for the lower 12 miles of Green River in Washington -- empties into Elliott Bay in Seattle, King County. The shorelines along the River have been extensively developed for industrial and commercial operations. These operations include cargo handling and storage, marine construction, boat manufacturing, marina operations, paper and metals fabrication, food processing and airplane parts manufacturing. The waterway is maintained by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers as a federal navigation channel.
Hazardous substances were released to the River by several likely mechanisms including spills during product shipping and handling, direct disposal, contaminated groundwater discharge, surface water runoff, contaminated soil runoff and storm water discharge through outfalls. Sediments in the River are contaminated with semi-volatile organic compounds, PCBs, inorganic compounds and organotins. In 2001, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency placed the lower five miles of Duwamish River on the NPL.
Lower Duwamish River provides important estuarine habitat and serves as a migratory route, nursery and osmoregulatory transition zone for several salmon species including the federally threatened Puget Sound Chinook salmon. The area is important for commercial, recreational and subsistence fishing and is part of the traditional fishing grounds of Muckleshoot and Suquamish Indian tribes. Extensive studies in the River and in Elliott Bay have determined that contaminated sediments have injured natural resources such as flatfish, salmonids and migratory birds.
This newly released Restoration Plan will guide implementation of natural resource restoration activities in the Lower Duwamish River and Elliott Bay. The Plan selects “Integrated Habitat Restoration” as the preferred restoration alternative. Under this approach, restoration of key habitats is anticipated to benefit the range of different resources injured by hazardous substances releases. Additionally, the Plan includes a detailed description of the methodology considered for use in a settlement-based approach to injury assessment.