Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Trustees Announce Completion of Natural Resource Restoration Projects for 2006 Diesel Spill in Pierce County, Washington
Last edited 4/26/2016
Juvenile chinook salmon (Oncorhychus tshawytscha), a federally threatened species, are shown utilizing engineered, logjam habitat created as part of the natural resource restoration project in the Greenwater River watershed, Pierce County, Washington. Photo credit: South Puget Sound Salmon Enhancement Group.
On July 3, 2012, the federal, State and tribal natural resource trustees announced the completion of natural resource restoration projects for the November 3, 2006 diesel spill into Silver Creek in the Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest, down slope from the Crystal Mountain Resort in Pierce County, Washington.
The natural resource trustees in this case include:
Muckleshoot Indian Tribe;
Puyallup Indian Tribe;
State of Washington, represented by Washington Department of Ecology and Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife;
U.S. Department of Agriculture, represented by U.S. Forest Service;
U.S. Department of Commerce, represented by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and,
U.S. Department of the Interior, represented by Bureau of Indian Affairs and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
The diesel spill occurred on November 3, 2006, when the automatic shutoff valve on an above-ground storage tank at Puget Sound Energy’s Crystal Mountain Emergency Generator Station failed and the tank overfilled. An estimated 18,000 gallons of diesel fuel was spilled. Some of this spilled fuel traveled downhill into a drainage ditch and then into Silver Creek. The spilled fuel that entered Silver Creek likely discharged into White River.
Natural resources injured by the diesel spill include 14 acres of wetlands, 2 acres of riparian wetlands, 5 miles of riverine habitat, 350 acres of soil overlying groundwater, amphibians, aquatic insects, fish including two threatened species -- bull trout and chinook salmon -- and their habitats. The trustees settled natural resource damages claims against Puget Sound Energy, Inc. in a Consent Decree entered by the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington on February 12, 2009. The defendant agreed to pay $512,856.59 to restore natural resources injured by the diesel spill.
A publicly-reviewed Restoration Plan, prepared by the trustees, selected the restoration alternative that focuses on riverine habitat and chinook salmon restoration while also providing secondary benefits to other fish and wildlife species. This restoration alternative included two specific projects: Greenwater River floodplain restoration and Huckleberry Creek fish acclimation pond repair and improvements. Implementation of these projects is now complete.