Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Trustees Announce Completion of Natural Resource Restoration Projects for 2006 Diesel Spill in Pierce County, Washington
Last edited 2/14/2017
Juvenile chinook salmon (Oncorhychus tshawytscha), a federally threatened species, are shown utilizing engineered, logjam habitat created as part of the natural resource restoration project in the Greenwater River watershed, Pierce County, Washington. Photo credit: South Puget Sound Salmon Enhancement Group.
On July 3, 2012, the federal, State and tribal natural resource trustees announced the completion of natural resource restoration projects for the November 3, 2006 diesel spill into Silver Creek in the Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest, down slope from the Crystal Mountain Resort in Pierce County, Washington.
The natural resource trustees in this case include:
Muckleshoot Indian Tribe;
Puyallup Indian Tribe;
State of Washington, represented by Washington Department of Ecology and Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife;
U.S. Department of Agriculture, represented by U.S. Forest Service;
U.S. Department of Commerce, represented by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and,
U.S. Department of the Interior, represented by Bureau of Indian Affairs and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
The diesel spill occurred on November 3, 2006, when the automatic shutoff valve on an above-ground storage tank at Puget Sound Energy’s Crystal Mountain Emergency Generator Station failed and the tank overfilled. An estimated 18,000 gallons of diesel fuel was spilled. Some of this spilled fuel traveled downhill into a drainage ditch and then into Silver Creek. The spilled fuel that entered Silver Creek likely discharged into White River.
Natural resources injured by the diesel spill include 14 acres of wetlands, 2 acres of riparian wetlands, 5 miles of riverine habitat, 350 acres of soil overlying groundwater, amphibians, aquatic insects, fish including two threatened species -- bull trout and chinook salmon -- and their habitats. The trustees settled natural resource damages claims against Puget Sound Energy, Inc. in a Consent Decree entered by the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington on February 12, 2009. The defendant agreed to pay $512,856.59 to restore natural resources injured by the diesel spill.
A publicly-reviewed Restoration Plan, prepared by the trustees, selected the restoration alternative that focuses on riverine habitat and chinook salmon restoration while also providing secondary benefits to other fish and wildlife species. This restoration alternative included two specific projects: Greenwater River floodplain restoration and Huckleberry Creek fish acclimation pond repair and improvements. Implementation of these projects is now complete.