Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Trustees Open 30-Day Public Comment Period on Draft Mink Injury Study Plan for Natural Resource Damage Assessment for Hudson River, New York
Last edited 2/14/2017
The Hudson River at Bakers Falls with General Electric Company’s Hudson Falls Plant, a capacitor manufacturing facility and a primary source of PCBs contamination in the River, in the background. A 200-mile stretch of the Hudson River has been designated a NPL site by the Environmental Protection Agency. Photo credit: EPA.
On March 19, 2012 the federal and State natural resource trustees opened a 30-day public review and comment period on the draft “Study Plan for Mink Injury Determination -- Investigation of Mink Abundance and Density Relative to Polychlorinated Biphenyl Contamination within the Hudson River Drainage.” A Fact Sheet describing the mink injury investigations was concurrently released by the trustees.
The natural resource trustees involved in the Hudson River PCBs case are the State of New York, the Department of Commerce, acting through National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and Department of the Interior (DOI), acting through U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), representing the concerned DOI bureaus (FWS and National Park Service).
In 1984, the Environmental Protection Agency placed a 200-mile stretch of the Hudson River in New York -- from Hudson Falls to the Battery in New York City -- on the National Priorities List of contaminated sites due to PCBs contamination. The EPA has estimated that, between the 1940s and 1977, the General Electric Company released up to 1.3 million pounds of PCBs from two capacitor manufacturing plants, one in Hudson Falls and the other in Fort Edward, into the Hudson River.
The PCBs from these releases contaminated surface water, sediments, floodplain soils, groundwater, fish, birds, wildlife and other biota in the Hudson River. In 2002, the trustees finalized a strategy to assess injuries to these natural resources in the publicly-reviewed “Hudson River Natural Resource Damage Assessment Plan.” The Draft Mink Injury Study Plan is being undertaken pursuant to this Assessment Plan.
The objective of the proposed Study is to estimate abundance and density of mink in areas within the Upper Hudson River drainage, where elevated levels of PCBs have been found, and to compare that with estimated mink abundance and density in an uncontaminated, reference river drainage, in this case, the Mohawk River. No mink will be killed, trapped or adversely affected in the Study. After the Study is completed, the results will be peer reviewed and then publicly released.
The deadline for submitting written comments on the Draft Mink Injury Study Plan is Wednesday, April 18, 2012. Comments received during the open public comment period and the trustees’ responses to these comments will be included in a Responsiveness Summary to be released in the future.