A rugged, whitewater river flowing northward through deep canyons, the New River is among the oldest rivers on the continent. New River Gorge National River in West Virginia encompasses over 70,000 acres of land along the New River, is rich in cultural and natural history, and offers an abundance of scenic and recreational opportunities.
Big Southern Butte is one of two domes rising from a sea of basalt near the center of the eastern Snake River Plain in Idaho. The butte is one of the largest volcanic domes in the world, but at 300,000 years old it is also one of the youngest. Hikers who trek to the 7,550-foot high summit are rewarded with spectacular panoramic views. Photo by Devin Englestead, BLM Upper Snake Wildlife Biologist.
First light at Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge in New Mexico. Established in November 22, 1939, the refuge has provided a critical stopover and wintering spot for thousands of sandhill cranes, geese and other waterfowl for 75 years. Bosque del Apache's sandhill crane population has multiplied from 18 birds in the 1840s to more than 20,000 birds today. Photo by Kim Hang Dessoliers (www.sharetheexperience.org).
Trustees Open 47-Day Public Comment Period on Draft Restoration Plan for Injured Natural Resources in Housatonic River, Massachusetts
Last edited 7/15/2015
Housatonic River Walk in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, shown here, is one of six public use restoration projects already undertaken by the trustees as part of Round 1 and Round 2 projects for restoring injured natural resources and services in the Housatonic River in western Massachusetts. Photo credit: Housatonic River Natural Resource Trustees.
On August 2, 2012, the Massachusetts SubCouncil of the federal and State natural resource trustees opened a 47-day public comment period on the “General Electric/Housatonic River Natural Resource Restoration, Massachusetts Housatonic River Watershed Restoration Program, Draft Round 3 Restoration Plan and Supplemental Environmental Assessment for Land Protection and Habitat Conservation.” This Draft Round 3 Restoration Plan details a proposed approach for the third installment of restoration projects – in this case, land protection and habitat conservation projects -- designed to restore natural resources injured by hazardous substances releases in the Housatonic River in Massachusetts.
The natural resource trustees for the Housatonic River case include:
State of Connecticut, represented by Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection;
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, represented by Massachusetts Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs and Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection;
U.S. Department of Commerce, represented by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and,
U.S. Department of the Interior, represented by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
The Massachusetts SubCouncil of trustees includes the State of Massachusetts and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
From the late 1930s to the late 1970s, General Electric Company operated a facility in Pittsfield, Berkshire County, in western Massachusetts, for the manufacture of electrical transformers. Hazardous substances from this facility -- including PCBs, dioxins, furans, volatile organic compounds, semi-volatile organic compounds and metals -- were released to Silver Lake in Pittsfield and Housatonic River.
Housatonic River flows from the Berkshire Mountains north of Pittsfield, south through Connecticut and then empties into Long Island Sound. Sediments, floodplain soils, river banks and former river oxbows from Pittsfield to Long Island Sound have been contaminated by these hazardous substances. As a consequence of this widespread contamination, natural resources and natural resource services were injured.
Natural resource damage claims against General Electric were settled in a Consent Decree in October, 2000. General Electric agreed to pay $15 million for natural resource restoration projects. Approximately half of this amount has been directed to projects specifically in Massachusetts.
The Massachusetts SubCouncil has taken a three-phased approach to implementing natural resource restoration projects. Round 1, in 2007, awarded $4 million for 10 restoration projects ranging from river flow restoration to an environmental literacy program. Round 2, in 2011, awarded $1.3 million to 5 projects including: habitat continuity restoration, wildlife resources protection, riparian buffer and floodplain forest restoration, invasive species control and educational programming. This Draft Round 3 Restoration Plan focuses on achieving natural resource restoration through aquatic and wildlife habitat protection gained through land acquisitions and/or acquisition of conservation easements.
Written comments on the Draft Round 3 Restoration Plan must be received by the trustees’ representative not later than Monday, September 17, 2012.