Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Trustees Open 90-Day Public Comment Period on Draft Restoration Plan for Injured Natural Resources at Portland Harbor NPL Site, Multnomah County, Oregon
Last edited 2/14/2017
Alternatives for restoration of natural resources injured by hazardous substances and oil releases in the Portland Harbor area, shown here, along the lower Willamette River in Portland, Multnomah County, Oregon, are presented in the Draft Restoration Plan. Photo credit: Eric Blishchke, EPA.
On July 9, 2012, the federal, State and tribal natural resource trustees opened a 90-day public comment period on the “Draft Portland Harbor Programmatic EIS and Restoration Plan.” This Draft Restoration Plan proposes natural resource restoration actions intended to restore natural resources injured by hazardous substances releases and oil spills at the Portland Harbor NPL site, along the Willamette River in Multnomah County, Oregon.
The natural resource trustees in this case include:
Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon;
Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians;
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation;
Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon;
Nez Perce Tribe;
State of Oregon, represented by Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife;
U.S. Department of Commerce, represented by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and,
U.S. Department of the Interior, represented by Bureau of Indian Affairs and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Beginning in the early 1900s, industrial operations along the Willamette River in the Portland Harbor area released a variety of hazardous substances and oil into the River system. Other sources of hazardous substances releases include urban storm water runoff, marina operations, sewage overflows and historical waste disposal directly in the River. In 2000, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency placed Portland Harbor, specifically 11 miles of the lower reach of the Willamette River, on the National Priorities List because of elevated levels of PCBs, PAHs, DDT compounds, metals, semi-volatile organic compounds and other contaminants in the Harbor area.
The trustees are currently assessing the injuries to natural resources and natural resource services in the Portland Harbor area from these hazardous substances and oil releases. Specifically, injuries to fish, wildlife, sediments and surface waters are being examined. Species of particular concern at Portland Harbor include: Pacific salmon, Pacific lamprey, white sturgeon, bald eagle, osprey, other migratory birds, mink, river otter and amphibians.
Concurrent with the natural resource damage assessment, the trustees are pursuing restoration planning to determine the best approach to restoring those injured natural resources. This Draft Restoration Plan presents the natural resource restoration alternatives considered by trustees, the objectives of the restoration actions, key habitat types targeted for restoration and restoration priorities and process. The scale of natural resource restoration to be undertaken under this Plan will depend, ultimately, on funding, property and services made available through resolution of natural resource damages claims.
Written comments on the Draft Restoration Plan must be received by NOAA’s Restoration Center in Portland, Oregon, by Monday, October 8, 2012.