Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Trustees Settle Natural Resource Damage Claims Arrising from M/V Cosco Busan Oil Spill in California
Last edited 4/26/2016
The beach at Crissy Field in the Presidio of San Francisco, part of the NPS-managed Golden Gate National Recreation Area, in San Francisco, California, was closed to the public in this November 8, 2007 photo because of oiling from the M/V Cosco Busan. Over 1 million recreational user-days on public shorelines like this were lost due to the oil spill. Photo credit: Paul Chinn, San Francisco Chronicle.
On January 27, 2012, the United States, the State of California, the City and County of San Francisco and the City of Richmond settled claims, including natural resource damage claims, from the owners and operators of the container ship M/V Cosco Busan. The Consent Decree approving the settlement was entered by the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California.
On the morning of November 7, 2007 the M/V Cosco Busan struck a tower footing of the San Francisco- Oakland Bay Bridge while leaving harbor, opening a gash in the vessel’s starboard side and puncturing a fuel tank. Approximately 53,000 gallons of bunker fuel oil were released into San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Ocean and onto adjoining shorelines.
The natural resource trustees involved in this case include Department of the Interior (including Bureau of Land Management, Fish and Wildlife Service and National Park Service), Department of Commerce (including National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) and the State of California (including California Department of Fish and Game, California State Lands Commission and Regional Water Quality Control Board – San Francisco Bay Region).
The spilled oil fouled 3,367 acres of shoreline within San Francisco Bay and along California’s Pacific coast, killed an estimated 6,849 seabirds and water birds (including the federally endangered marbled murrelet), adversely affected almost a third of the Bay’s herring spawn that winter, stained historic ships and resulted in the loss of over 1 million recreational user-days. The shorelines of 4 National Park units were oiled including Golden Gate National Recreation Area, Point Reyes National Seashore, San Francisco Maritime National Historic Park and Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historic Park.
Among other provisions in the Consent Decree, the settlement calls for:
payment to DOI of $23,389,033.00 plus apportioned interest for natural resource restoration projects;
payment to DOI of $129,682.60 plus apportioned interest for past assessment costs; and,
payment to DOI of $143,033.00 for restoration of oiled historic ships.