Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Salazar Approves Transmission Line for Campo Verde Solar Project
32 Major Onshore Renewable Energy Projects Involving Federal Lands Authorized by Obama Administration Since 2009
WASHINGTON, DC – As part of President Obama's all-of-the-above energy strategy, Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar today approved construction of the transmission line for First Solar's Campo Verde Solar energy project, which will cross public lands southwest of El Centro, California.
The 139-megawatt solar energy project is expected to support more than 250 jobs through construction and operations, generate $17.5 million in local tax revenue over the life of the facility, and provide an estimated $239 million of financial benefits to local, county and state economies. At full capacity, when built, the Campo Verde Solar facility will produce enough electricity to power 41,700 homes.
“The Campo Verde Solar project will create jobs and boost the economy while providing clean, domestic energy to local communities,” said Salazar. “This cutting-edge facility will supplement our nation's growing demand for electricity as we tap domestic resources that make our nation more energy independent. In fact, since the President took office, renewable energy from sources like wind and solar has doubled.”
Electricity from the Campo Verde photovoltaic plant will be transmitted to the San Diego Gas and Electric's Imperial Valley Substation. The Campo Verde facility is located on about 1,443 acres of previously developed, privately-owned land southwest of El Centro, California. Interior, who has authority only over the section of the transmission line on federal lands, approved the right-of-way for 17 acres for the power line on public land, and Imperial County authorized the solar power plant on August 27, 2012. Because the development on private land is related to the federal Right of Way for the transmission line and the transmission line cannot cross public lands without Interior approval, the Environmental Assessment had to consider the cumulative impacts of the generation project in its analysis of the transmission proposal.
Since 2009, as part of the Obama Administration strategy of expanding the use of domestic energy resources, both conventional and renewable, Interior has approved 32 major onshore renewable energy projects involving U.S. public lands. These include 18 utility-scale solar projects, 6 wind farms and 8 geothermal facilities, with associated transmission corridors and infrastructure that will enable them to connect to established power grids.
When built by the companies, these projects will provide about 7,400 megawatts of power, or enough electricity to power more than 2.5 million homes and could generate more than 12,000 construction and operations jobs.
As with previously approved renewable energy projects, the Campo Verde project underwent extensive environmental review. The approved project reflects strong efforts
to mitigate potential environmental impacts, such as providing habitat compensation for various species.
“As good stewards of the public lands, we are seeking to support renewable energy development, including development on private lands that have the potential for success
with few resource conflicts,” said BLM's Acting Director Mike Pool. “This project, including the siting of a transmission line on public land, reflects our commitment to environmentally responsible solar energy and infrastructure development that is ‘smart from the start'.”
On January 13, 2012, Salazar and Governor Edmund G. Brown Jr. signed an agreement to expand a state and federal partnership that has, over the last two years, paved the way for more than one dozen utility-scale solar energy projects and more than 150 renewable power projects in California.
A fact sheet on Campo Verde Solar is available HERE