Mercury's surface in "enhanced color," a color scheme created to emphasize color differences. This is not what Mercury would look like to the human eye, but by applying mathematical analysis to images, color differences can be accentuated beyond those visible to a person.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Salazar Applauds Release of Draft National Ocean Policy Implementation Plan
Policy Management and Budget
The National Ocean Council, of which the Department of the Interior is a key member, today released the draft National Ocean Policy Implementation Plan, as described in the following White House release. The public can read the draft plan and submit comments at www.whitehouse.gov/oceans until Feb. 27.
“President Obama has displayed historic leadership in setting priorities to address the most pressing threats facing our oceans,” Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar said today. “Water is the lifeblood of our planet, and America's treasured coasts and seas make up a significant part of Interior's stewardship portfolio. Implementing this plan is a major priority for Interior and its agencies.”
Interior's bureaus – including the U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Park Service, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Bureau of Land Management, and Office of Insular Affairs – are actively involved in the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force. Some examples of particular contributions to National Ocean Policy planning by the department and its bureaus include:
Interior contributes important geospatial data that bring Federal, state, and tribal partners together to jointly plan for the future of the ocean, our coasts, and Great Lakes through the Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning process. By 2015, all Federal non-classified geospatial data and information will be available through the interagency Ocean.Data.Gov web portal – http://www.data.gov/ocean.
Interior manages 1.7 billion underwater acres of Outer Continental Shelf. The offshore 5-year oil and gas leasing program and the “Smart from the Start” offshore renewable energy program will both greatly benefit from this coastal and marine spatial planning.
Interior manages 34 million acres in 84 marine and coastal National Parks and 180 marine and coastal National Wildlife Refuges with ecosystem-based management. This enables Interior to provide scientific and management expertise to guide large-scale conservation and restoration initiatives on national, regional, state and local levels.
Obama Administration Releases Action Plan to Address Ocean Challenges
WASHINGTON – Today, the Obama Administration released a National Ocean Policy action plan to address the most pressing challenges facing ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes resources. The draft requests comments on actions the Federal Government will take to improve the health of the ocean, coasts, and Great Lakes, which support tens of millions of jobs, contribute trillions of dollars a year to the national economy, and are essential to public health and national security.
The draft action plan will ensure the Federal Government targets its resources to more effectively and efficiently deliver results for Americans, including greater predictability for ocean users and better access to the latest science and information related to ocean health. The actions reflect ideas and input from industry, conservation groups, local officials, the public and other stakeholders who provided critical feedback to the National Ocean Council through two public comment periods and 12 regional listening sessions.
“When President Obama created the National Ocean Policy, he marked a landmark step toward addressing the challenges that face the health of our ocean and coasts, and the economies they support” said Nancy Sutley, Chair of the Council on Environmental Quality and Co-Chair of the National Ocean Council. “This action plan will help focus our resources on actions that will enhance the stewardship of coastal and marine resources on which so many communities, small businesses, and American jobs depend.”
“This plan reflects a number of overarching priorities of the Obama Administration—including a commitment to scientific data as an important basis for decision-making and a commitment to transparency and openness as we ensure that the interests of all stakeholders, from recreational beach-goers to fishermen and farmers, are taken into account,” said John P. Holdren, Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy and Co-Chair of the National Ocean Council.
Ocean and coastal resources are under pressure from growing and often competing uses, such as national security, recreation, shipping, energy production, and commercial fishing, as well as from pollution, resource extraction, and climate change. The draft Implementation Plan focuses on public-private partnerships, promoting efficiency and collaboration across sectors, managing resources with an integrated approach, and making available and using the best science and information on ocean health. The plan, which is available for public comment through February 27th, outlines key milestones, identifies responsible Federal agencies, and indicates the expected timeframe for completion of Implementation Plan actions including:
Streamlining ocean and coastal permitting processes, beginning with aquaculture
Agencies will collaborate to develop efficient, coordinated permitting processes that will save time and money for ocean industries, encourage economic growth, and protect public health, safety, and the environment.
Improving water quality
Agencies will identify and implement conservation and best management practices, and promote voluntary partnership programs with stakeholders to reduce rural and urban sources of pollution.
Providing climate-change forecasts and vulnerability assessments for coastal communities
Federal agencies will improve the quality and accessibility of science and information to enable Federal, State and local decision-makers to reduce the risks of sea level rise and other climate change impacts, and make informed investments in infrastructure, public health and economic development.
Improving environmental response management in the Arctic
As melting sea ice enables increased access for shipping, tourism and oil and gas development, Federal agencies will work with State, local and international partners to develop coordinated response procedures for oil spills, marine accidents or other incidents to protect people, communities and ecosystems from adverse impacts.
The plan also makes it a priority to:
Provide scientific information to support emerging sustainable uses of resources including fisheries, renewable energy, aquaculture, and biotechnology;
Provide open access to data and information across the Federal Government for state and local decision-makers, ocean users, stakeholders, and the public;
Identify and make available grant and partnership opportunities to support regional priorities;
Develop methods and standards for assessing the resilience of natural resources, cultural resources, coastal communities, and infrastructure in a changing climate; and
Identify and conserve habitat for priority fish species.
The National Ocean Policy, established by Executive Order 13547 on July 19th, 2010, provides that Federal agencies will “ensure the protection, maintenance, and restoration of the health of ocean, coastal and Great Lakes ecosystems and resources, enhance the sustainability of ocean and coastal economies, preserve our maritime heritage, support sustainable uses and access, provide for adaptive management to enhance our understanding of and capacity to respond to climate change and ocean acidification, and coordinate with our national security and foreign policy interests.” The Policy also called for the creation of an interagency National Ocean Council to oversee the Policy's implementation. For more information about the Council please visit www.whitehouse.gov/oceans.