Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Interior Department Selects New Members for BOEM Scientific Committee
WASHINGTON — Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar and Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) Director Tommy P. Beaudreau today announced the appointment of 15 experts representing diverse scientific fields as members of the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Scientific Committee – a group that advises BOEM on the agency's offshore environmental studies, which inform policy decisions regarding development of Outer Continental Shelf energy and mineral resources.
“The membership of this important committee is made up of distinguished scientists representing several disciplines to advise the Department on the scientific integrity of BOEM's research,” said Secretary Salazar. “This is another important step as we continue to move forward with offshore energy development in a responsible manner guided by the best science, and I appreciate the members' willingness to contribute their time and their expertise to this important effort.”
“It is critical that we have robust, reliable and forward-looking information as we make decisions regarding future energy development,” said Director Beaudreau. “This committee supplies critical input on our research priorities and provides an external peer review to ensure our science remains world-class and that we are appropriately addressing the information needs of the bureau and the department.”
OCS Scientific Committee members are selected based on their expertise and reputation in the scientific community and ability to represent important elements of BOEM's research and science information needs. Members serve a three-year term and may not serve more than two consecutive terms. After a two-year break in service, a member is again eligible for appointment.
The committee's next meeting is expected in spring 2012, at which time they will select the chair. The committee meets at least annually, and meetings are open to the public.