Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
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With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Draft Environmental Impact Statement Calls for Additional Bridging on Tamiami Trail to Restore Natural Flows to Everglades
Last edited 4/25/2016
WASHINGTON -- The Department of the Interior's National Park Service today released a draft Environmental Impact Statement that identifies alternatives to restore natural water flows to the Everglades. The National Park Service is seeking public comment on the feasibility of constructing additional bridging on Tamiami Trail in addition to the 1 mile of bridging currently under construction.
“The Tamiami trail has long been recognized as a primary barrier to natural flow of water through the Everglades. Last year, we took a significant step forward when we broke ground on a mile-long bridge to allow water to flow under the trail, but we need to do more if we are going to restore the Everglades ecosystem to health,” Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Fish and Wildlife and Parks Tom Strickland said. “This new bridging would give us the capability to restore up to 100 percent of the historic volume and distribution of water that used to flow southward into Northeast Shark River Slough before the trail was constructed.”
Strickland announced the release of the draft EIS during a panel discussion moderated by Tom Brokaw at America's Everglades Summit sponsored by the Everglades Foundation.
The public will have an opportunity to comment on the draft EIS for 60 days, which will be published in the Federal Register in the next few days. The National Park Service will evaluate the comments and consider all options before issuing a final report to Congress. Congress would have to authorize and fund any future construction.
The National Park Service developed the draft EIS in response to the 2009 Omnibus Appropriations Act that directed the department to evaluate the feasibility of additional bridging for the trail necessary to improve the ecological connectivity within the Everglades.
If completed, additional bridging would eliminate historical hydrologic constraints and allow for more natural sheet flow patterns, improving ecological conditions throughout much of the southern Everglades, including the Water Conservation Areas and Everglades National Park.
“The restoration of the Everglades is not simply a matter of providing more water-- we must get the water right in the right place.” Strickland said. “We must restore the distribution of water across the landscape that approximates the historic flow patterns and ensures proper water quality to support the plants and wildlife of this unique ecosystem.”