November is Manatee Awareness Month; but no matter what time of year it is, manatees deserve to be celebrated. These amazing creatures fulfill a unique niche by serving as indicator species for ecosystems across the United States. Because of their reliance on the health of their habitat, manatees often act as a signal of their environment’s well-being. NOAA photo by Michael Buchanan.
Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Secretary Salazar Unveils New and Expanded “Youth in the Great Outdoors” Initiative
Last edited 4/25/2016
WASHINGTON, D.C.- Today Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar told the annual Corps Network Forum that he has challenged the Interior bureaus to increase youth employment opportunities in 2010 by 50 percent over 2009 figures and in 2011 by 60 percent. This new challenge will give a big boost to youth employment and education programs throughout the nation.
“You are the future conservation leaders in the United States of America,” Salazar told the members and staff of conservation corps from across the country. “As stewards of our parks, wildlife refuges and other public lands, the Department of the Interior emphasizes not only the importance of nature to youth but also the importance of youth to nature. We hope that you not only find a job but also a connection to the Great Outdoors and a career in the emerging Clean Energy Economy.”
The Secretary announced that together, Interior and its bureaus will directly employ at least 12,000 youth in 2010—a 50 percent increase over the 8,000 in 2009. The department also indirectly employs youth through other organizations and reaches millions of youth through education and recreation programs.
“Step by step, corps member by corps member, year by year, together we are building a 21st Century Youth Conservation Corps that will not only help provide jobs for thousands of youth but also will help protect America's Treasured Landscapes, build our new renewable energy frontier, and empower Native American communities,” the Secretary said.
At the event today, Secretary Salazar also unveiled a new Bureau of Reclamation Youth Conservation Program and announced that the agency has selected the Corps Network to help it develop the program.
“We are particularly excited to work with your Corps Network to develop the Bureau of Reclamation's new program that will engage youth in hands-on crew work, as well as internship opportunities,” Secretary Salazar noted.
Funding for this cooperative agreement could be up to $5 million over a five year period. At Reclamation, the youth will learn and contribute to Reclamation goals of delivering water for agriculture and municipal users, providing renewable energy for America's future, focusing on 21st Century Water Management and a commitment to Native American Tribes.
The other Interior bureaus—including the National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Indian Affairs, Bureau of Land Management and U.S. Geological Survey--have devised action plans to expand their youth programs to meet the Secretary's challenge.
FY 2011 Budget Proposal and Youth
The importance of the Youth in the Great Outdoors Initiative is reflected in the FY 2011 budget proposal, which includes large increases not only in employment of teens and young adults ages 16-25 but also in education and recreation programs that engage youth of all ages.
Increases include $5.8 million for youth employment and education programs in the national park system and $2 million for youth programs at national wildlife refuges. The budget also includes $2 million for the Fish and Wildlife Service and Bureau of Land Management to join with the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation in public-private partnerships to promote priority species conservation on both public and private lands. The National Park Service also will dedicate $6.4 million of recreation fees collected at parks to youth projects that benefit the visitor experience. This is an additional $2 million over the 2010 level.
Office of Youth in the Great Outdoors: Employ, Educate, Engage
In 2009 Secretary Salazar established a new departmental Office of Youth to catalyze these programs. The office will lead efforts to “employ, educate and engage” Youth in the Great Outdoors.
The Secretary noted that today's programs have inherited the spirit of the Civilian Conservation Corps, which provided employment during the Great Depression of the 1930s and also helped build trails, facilities and conservation projects in national parks and other areas.
“Our economic troubles are particularly tough on young people, just as they were during the Great Depression,” said Secretary Salazar. “Young people again face double-digit unemployment rates (20% according to some estimates). And Interior is again in a unique position to put thousands of young people to work – especially during the summer, when young people need jobs the most.”
The Youth in the Great Outdoors Initiative places a special emphasis on engaging youth from underserved communities where unemployment is highest, as well as young women and girls.
Education and Engagement
In addition to employment, the Department of the Interior engages millions more youth each year through educational and other programs.
“The future of America's treasured landscapes depends upon the next generation's understanding of and connection to the Great Outdoors, so getting younger children outside in nature and providing educational programs for them is just as important as providing jobs for older youth,” said Secretary Salazar.
For example, Department of the Interior and bureau programs serve:
More than 30 million youth each year in meaningful environmental education and service-learning programs in parks and refuges and thousands in historic preservation projects.
More than 42,000 First American students, in elementary and secondary schools funded by the Bureau of Indian Education and located in 23 states across America.
More than 6 million children through recreation programs and opportunities in parks, refuges and other public lands that take young people into the great outdoors where they can connect with nature and build relationships with their families and communities.