Mercury's surface in "enhanced color," a color scheme created to emphasize color differences. This is not what Mercury would look like to the human eye, but by applying mathematical analysis to images, color differences can be accentuated beyond those visible to a person.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Nearly $27 million for National Park Centennial Challenge projects and programs in 2009
Last edited 4/25/2016
WASHINGTON - A new year brings new opportunities to discover species, renovate museums, get kids outdoors to learn and to improve transportation in America's national parks. For the second year of its Centennial Challenge, the National Park Service will match federal funds with contributions from park partners to prepare national parks for another century of conservation, preservation and enjoyment. Secretary of the Interior Dirk Kempthorne and National Park Service Director Mary A. Bomar, today announced $27 million in centennial projects, $10.5 million from the federal government combined with $16.5 million in philanthropic giving.
"Today, we celebrate the 2008 successes of the National Park Centennial Challenge and announce a new round of centennial projects that will serve as the cornerstones of improvements at our national parks and help to ignite another 100 years of excellence throughout the National Park System," Secretary Kempthorne said of the 2009 projects. "This is truly a remarkable list of projects and programs, made possible only through these historic public/private partnerships."
Director Bomar said, "In these economic times, creative efforts like the Centennial Challenge provide a great return on investment for both the American taxpayer and the philanthropic community. Where else can you be guaranteed to at least double your money?"
President Bush launched the National Park Service Centennial Initiative in 2006 as a 10-year effort to prepare national parks for another century of conservation, preservation and enjoyment in time for the National Park Service's 100th anniversary. The initiative comprises two funding components - the Centennial Challenge and operational enhancement funding - and furthers goals in the areas of stewardship, environmental leadership, recreational experience, education and professional excellence.
Centennial Challenge projects and programs for 2009 are:
Haleakala National Park, Hawaii
Remove and control invasive species and restore rare and endangered plants
$600,000 - Maui Invasive Species Committee; $600,000 - Centennial Challenge
Marilyn Parris, (808) 572-4401
Independence National Historical Park, Pennsylvania
Rehabilitate the Ben Franklin Museum at Franklin Court
Expand "Bridging the Watershed" environmental education program
$200,000 - Alice Ferguson Foundation; $200,000 - Centennial Challenge
Superintendent Gayle Hazelwood, (202) 690-5127
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area, California Rehabilitate Gillette Ranch building as a visitor center $2,640,000 - Mountains Recreation and Conservation Authority; $2,640,000 - Centennial Challenge Superintendent Woody Smeck, (805) 370-2344
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, Alaska
Add transportation gateway and exhibits in the Kennecott Mines National Historic Landmark
$50,000 - Stephen and Mary Birch Foundation, Inc.; $50,000 - Centennial Challenge
>Superintendent Meg Jensen, (907) 822-5234
Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, Montana, Idaho
Conduct molecular all-taxa biodiversity inventory for Yellowstone Lake
$500,000 - Yellowstone Park Foundation; $500,000 - Centennial Challenge
Superintendent Suzanne Lewis, (307) 344-2010
For complete information about the initiative, more details on the 2009 Centennial Challenge projects and programs or to download a Centennial Initiative 2008 Progress Report, please visit www.nps.gov/2016.