Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Secretary Kempthorne Announces Settlement Of Decades-Long Licensing Dispute on Cushman Hydroelectric Project
Last edited 4/25/2016
WASHINGTON, D.C.—Secretary of the Interior Dirk Kempthorne today announced the settlement of a variety of complex technical and procedural issues for the Cushman Hydroelectric Project in Tacoma, Washington. The issues have made this one of the longest-running relicensing proceedings in Federal Energy Regulatory Commission history.
“It gives me great pleasure to be the Secretary to announce resolution of a dispute that began more than 80 years ago and a FERC relicensing process characterized by more than 30 years of disagreement,” said Kempthorne. “Credit is due to a collaborative process from across the Department. Representatives from the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the National Park Service and the Office of the Solicitor contributed countless hours to achieve this goal, and I am proud of their efforts.”
Negotiations also included the Skokomish Indian Tribe, The City of Tacoma, the National Marine Fisheries Service, the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Forest Service and the State of Washington's Department of Fish and Wildlife and Department of Ecology.
The Cushman Hydroelectric Project was first licensed in 1924. Because the project occupies a portion of the Skokomish Indian Reservation, the Department submitted new license conditions to FERC in 1997. A new Project license was issued in 1998 but did not include such things as protective measures for the Skokomish Reservation and fish species listed subsequently under the Endangered Species Act.
After a D.C. Circuit Court decision remanded the case to FERC to include the Department's conditions in the Project license, the Tribe and the City of Tacoma began settlement negotiations involving treaty fishery, flooding damage and other claims. The Interior Department has helped develop a settlement that provides appropriate mitigation for Project-related impacts to the Skokomish Reservation and constitutes a proper exercise of statutory authorities and federal trust responsibility to the Tribe.
First, this innovative agreement protects Reservation resources, threatened bull trout, and fish and wildlife habitat by requiring a variety of specific measures. These include minimum flows in the North Fork Skokomish River, upstream and downstream fish passage facilities, habitat restoration, flood mitigation and reduction, and enhancement of fish populations in the North Fork, Lake Cushman and Lake Kokanee.
Second, the agreement establishes a dynamic role for the Tribe in implementing the license. The Tribe will be involved directly in planning and decision making.
Third, in conjunction with a related agreement between the Tribe and Tacoma, the Skokomish Tribe will be compensated for the Project's past, present, and future use of Reservation lands and impacts to Reservation resources covering a period of more than 80 years.
Finally, the agreement establishes a framework for future cooperation and collaboration.
Kempthorne concluded that, “While the agreement signifies the culmination of a contentious and arduous licensing proceeding, it also represents a hopeful beginning for regional resources, efficient energy production, and a new relationship between the Tribe and Tacoma.”