The Nation’s wildland fire management program is a closely coordinated and integrated set of Federal, state, tribal, and local programs using interoperable equipment, training, qualifications, and protocols.  The overall program is guided by common policy and approach, implemented through agency line organizations, and in the context of the legal mission of each agency.  A number of governance structures are used to develop and maintain this common, integrated approach – ranging from the national strategic level to regional and local coordination groups.  

Strategic Policy Direction, Coordination, and Integration

Wildland Fire Leadership Council (WFLC)

The Wildland Fire Leadership Council (WFLC) is an intergovernmental committee of Federal, state, tribal, county, and municipal government officials.  The WFLC, convened by the Secretaries of Agriculture, the Interior, and Homeland Security, provides a forum for high-level dialogues among members to develop strategic direction for National Wildland Fire Management and help ensure consistent implementation of wildland fire policies, goals and management activities across all lands.

Federal Fire Policy Council (FFPC)

The FFPC provides common Federal interagency policy approach, direction, and coordination for wildland fire management.

Federal Policy Direction, Coordination, and Oversight

Fire Executive Council (FEC)

The FEC provides a common, integrated, and coordinated Federal agency approach to wildland fire policy, leadership, budget, and program oversight.  The FEC works closely with the National Association of State Foresters Forest Fire Protection Committee to coordinate common Federal-state approaches to wildland fire management issues.

Federal Program Management, Coordination, and Implementation

Fire Management Board (FMB)

The FMB provides a mechanism for coordinated, integrated Federal wildland fire program management and implementation, and works closely with National Association of State Foresters, Intertribal Timber Council, and other partners to ensure common approach to program management and implementation.

U.S. Forest Service (USFS) Fire and Aviation Management (FAM)

The USFS FAM provides national policy direction, budget, and oversight for the USFS fire and aviation management program.  Fire management programs and activities are implemented through the line structure of regions and forests.

Department of the Interior (DOI) Office of Wildland Fire (OWF)

The OWF provides national policy direction, budget, and oversight for the DOI wildland fire management program.

DOI Bureau-level Wildland Fire Offices including the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), Bureau of Land Management (BLM), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), and National Park Service (NPS)

Provide national policy direction, budget, and oversight for each respective bureau’s operational fire management program.  The line structure of regions and units in each bureau implement fire management programs and activities.

Interagency Interoperability

National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG)

The NWCG provides national subject matter expertise and leadership to develop, maintain, and communicate interagency standards, guidelines, qualifications, training, and other capabilities that enable interoperable operations among federal and non-federal entities.  NWCG facilitates implementation of approved standards, guidelines, qualifications, and training.

NWCG developed standards, guidelines, qualifications, etc., only become policy once accepted and adopted by Forest Service, DOI, and other agencies.

Wildland Fire Governance Graphic