Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Federal legislation provides for a variety of agreements and tools that enable Federal agencies to cooperate with other Federal and non-Federal entities, including industrial for-profit organizations. They also enable the protection, where necessary, of new knowledge and scientific/technical information from public disclosure, including the intellectual property interests of collaborating parties.
Federal agencies may use technology transfer agreements to share, exchange, transfer, obtain and/or use, as appropriate under statute, information, expertise, facilities, and materials with other entities. Such agreements include:
Bureaus and offices may also use a combination of the above types of technology transfer agreements, as appropriate. Different bureaus are more likely to use different types of agreements (see here). This matrix identifies differences between various types of agreements.
Technology transfer agreements should adhere to the principles and policies specified in the Departmental Manual, and they may enter into technology transfer agreements with any entity, including:
Other Federal agencies
State and local governmental units
Industrial organizations (e.g., corporations, partnerships, limited partnerships, and industrial development organizations)
Public and private foundations
Nonprofit organizations (including universities)
Other persons (including licensees of inventions owned by the Federal agency)