A rugged, whitewater river flowing northward through deep canyons, the New River is among the oldest rivers on the continent. New River Gorge National River in West Virginia encompasses over 70,000 acres of land along the New River, is rich in cultural and natural history, and offers an abundance of scenic and recreational opportunities.
Big Southern Butte is one of two domes rising from a sea of basalt near the center of the eastern Snake River Plain in Idaho. The butte is one of the largest volcanic domes in the world, but at 300,000 years old it is also one of the youngest. Hikers who trek to the 7,550-foot high summit are rewarded with spectacular panoramic views. Photo by Devin Englestead, BLM Upper Snake Wildlife Biologist.
First light at Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge in New Mexico. Established in November 22, 1939, the refuge has provided a critical stopover and wintering spot for thousands of sandhill cranes, geese and other waterfowl for 75 years. Bosque del Apache's sandhill crane population has multiplied from 18 birds in the 1840s to more than 20,000 birds today. Photo by Kim Hang Dessoliers (www.sharetheexperience.org).
On July 1, 1990, the Federal Subsistence Management Program began managing wildlife resources on public lands. The Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act of 1980 (ANILCA) requires that rural residents have a priority over other users to take wildlife for subsistence uses on Federal public lands and waters. Federal Subsistence Regional Advisory Councils, State of Alaska representatives, and the general public play an active role in the regulatory process.
State and Federal Wildlife Regulations
The State of Alaska often administers a hunt for the same species in the same area as a Federal subsistence hunt. You may not add the harvest limit from Federal Subsistence and State general hunt regulations together to increase your harvest limit unless specified otherwise in these regulations.If you are not a rural resident of Alaska, you may hunt under State of Alaska hunting regulations on most Federal public lands, except National Park Service-managed parks and monuments or except where hunts are specifically closed by these regulations.
Federal Subsistence Regulations Apply Only to Rural Alaska Residents
Are You a Rural Alaska Resident?
A ll communities and areas of Alaska are considered rural, except the areas shown on the following maps as nonrural areas. You must have your primary, permanent place of residence in a rural area to qualify to hunt, trap or fish under Federal subsistence regulations. See the definition of resident in the definitions section of this book.
On May 7, 2007, the Board published a final rule changing the rural determination for several communities or areas in Alaska. These communities had a five year waiting period before the change was implemented (May 7, 2012). In 2009 the Secretary of the Interior initiated a review of the Federal Subsistence Program. An ensuing directive was for the Federal Subsistence Board to review its processes for determining the rural and nonrural status of communities. As a result, the Board has initiated a review of the rural determination process and the rural determination findings. On March 1, 2012, the Board published another final rule to extend the waiting period of the 2007 final rule until the review is complete or in 5 years (March 1, 2017), whichever comes first.
The listing below identifies nonrural communities and areas:
● Anchorage, Municipality of
● Fairbanks North Star Borough
● Homer area including Homer, Anchor Point, North Fork Road area*, Kachemak City, and Fritz Creek* (not including
● Juneau area including Juneau, West Juneau, and Douglas
● Kenai area including Kenai, Soldotna, Sterling*, Nikiski, Salamatof, Kalifornsky, Kasilof, and Clam Gulch
● Ketchikan area including all parts of the road system* connected to the City of Ketchikan (including Saxman*), Pennock Island, and parts of Gravina Island*
● Prudhoe Bay*
● Seward area including Seward and Moose Pass
● Wasilla/Palmer area including Wasilla, Palmer, Sutton, Big Lake, Houston, Point MacKenzie*, and Bodenburg Butte
* indicates communities or areas that have had their rural status extended until the rural review is complete or in 5 years (March 1, 2017) whichever comes first. See following maps.