Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
SPECIAL ACTION SUBSISTENCE FISHING Under Authority of 50 CFR Part 100.10 and .19 36 CFR Part 242.10 and .19
Special Action No.: 3-KS-01-14 Issued at: Bethel, Alaska May 16,2014 Effective Date: May 20, 2014 12:01 a.m. Expiration Date: July 18,2014 11:59 p.m. unless superseded by subsequent Special Action
EXPLANATION: Federal public waters of the Kuskokwim River win be closed to fishing for king salmon to non-Federal qualified users to provide for escapement.
REGULATION 50 CFR 100.27(e)(4)(ii) is amended to add: Federal public waters in that portion of the Kuskokwim River drainage that are within and adjacent to the exterior boundaries of the Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge are closed to the harvest of Chinook salmon except by the residents of the Kuskokwim River drainage and the villages of Chefornak, Kipnuk, Kwigillingok and Kongiganek. Based on observed run strength, and in consideration of conservation concerns and escapement goals, the Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge Manager may open porti01lS of the drainage to the take of Chinook salmon.
JUSTIFICATION Biological Since 2010, the Kuskokwim River has suffered from poor king salmon returns. 2013 was the lowest return on record. The 2014 State of Alaska king salmon forecast is for a return of 94,000 Chinook (range of 71,000-117,000). The drainage-wide escapement goal is 65,000-1 20,000. If 1101 E Tudor Road, MS 121 Anchorage, Alaska 99503 (907) 786-3888/(800) 478-1456 Fax (907) 786-3898 the 2014 return is within the forecast, then there win be enough fish to meet escapement goals and perhaps provide for a very limited king salmon subsistence harvest. The majority of tributary escapement goals on rivers within the Kuskokwim drainage were not met in 2013 and an weir assessment projects had the lowest Chinook counts on record. Given consecutive years of low king salmon returns and a forecast that indicates a return barely adequate to meet escapement needs, it win be necessary to impose strict conservation measures .. In addition to the anticipated closure to Chinook harvest for non-subsistence users on Federal public lands, severe chinook harvest restrictions to subsistence users are expected to be in place for the 2014 season with little harvestable surplus available.