Department of the Interior
DOI Contact: Dan DuBray 202-208-3752
|FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE, April 28, 2005
FWS Contact: Jeff Fleming 404-274-6693 or 404-679-7287
USDA Contact: Terri Teuber 202-720-4623
Once-thought Extinct Ivory-Billed Woodpecker Rediscovered in Arkansas
Federal Government and Partners Form Rapid Response Partnership to Support Recovery of Bird
(WASHINGTON) - Responding to the dramatic rediscovery of the Ivory-billed woodpecker at the Cache River National Wildlife Refuge in Arkansas, Interior Secretary Gale Norton and Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns today announced a multi-year, multi-million-dollar partnership effort to aid the rare bird's survival. The bird has been thought to be extinct in the United States for more than 60 years.
"This is a rare second
chance to preserve through cooperative conservation what was once thought
lost forever," Norton said. "Decisive conservation action
and continued progress through partnerships are now required. I will
appoint the best talent in the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and local
citizens to develop a Corridor of Hope Cooperative Conservation Plan
to save the Ivory-billed woodpecker."
The Interior Department, along with the Department of Agriculture, has proposed that more than $10 million in federal funds be committed to protect the bird. This amount would supplement $10 million already committed to research and habitat protection efforts by private sector groups and citizens, an amount expected to grow once news of the rediscovery spreads. Federal funds will be used for research and monitoring, recovery planning and public education. In addition, the funds will be used to enhance law enforcement and conserve habitat through conservation easements, safe-harbor agreements and conservation reserves.
"Finding a species once thought extinct is a rare and exciting event, and USDA is pleased to be a partner in the effort to protect Ivory-billed woodpeckers," Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns said. "At the same time, we understand that habitat conservation can impact landowners. That's why we're going to reach out to work cooperatively with stakeholders so we can all share in the joy of this discovery."
The action by Secretary Norton and Secretary Johanns came in response to news from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, The Nature Conservancy, and other members of the Big Woods Conservation Partnership that they had collected primary and secondary evidence of the bird's existence in the Cache River National Wildlife Refuge. The primary evidence consists of video footage, while the secondary evidence consists of seven eye-witness sightings and audio evidence of the Ivory-billed woodpecker. In addition, recordings of the distinctive double rap of the bird are still under analysis. After conducting its own peer reviews of the evidence, the journal Science is now publishing these findings.
Secretary Norton congratulated Dr. John Fitzpatrick, Director of the Cornell Lab of Ornithology and Scott Simon, Arkansas State Director of The Nature Conservancy, for the cooperative, diligent, year-long research of their teams. Following credible reports of sightings of the bird, a multi-partner team led by Fitzpatrick and Simon, assisted by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission and the Arkansas Natural Heritage Commission spent more than a year in the Big Woods of Arkansas searching for this rare bird. The evidence collected led scientists to conclude that the Ivory-billed woodpecker is now present in the Big Woods of Arkansas.
"Our next step to recover the bird must be as patient and thoughtful as the collection of evidence to confirm the existence of the bird," Norton said. "As we learn more, we will adjust our cooperative management effort."
The Ivory-billed woodpecker, the largest woodpecker in the United States, is the second largest in the world and had been one of six species of birds in North America thought to be extinct. Prior to this recent rediscovery, there had been no confirmed sightings of the bird in more than 60 years.
After consulting with Governor
Mike Huckabee and other officials at the federal, state and local levels,
the Interior Department will appoint members to a Corridor of Hope Cooperative
Conservation team. Sam Hamilton, Regional Director for the Southeast
Region of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, will lead the team.
The Corridor of Hope and recovery teams have nine assignments. They will:
The conservation efforts to be established for the benefit of the Ivory-billed woodpecker will emphasize working with local citizens and private landowners. The Interior Department will invite them to help develop the multi-year recovery plan that maintains historic public uses of land while protecting the bird's habitat.
The recovery plan will adjust to emerging knowledge of these rare birds, their activities and habitat. Priority will be placed on developing a long-term plan that integrates federal, state, local and private resources. Recovery efforts will utilize partnerships, safe harbor agreements, easements and land purchases from willing sellers.
Through its cooperative conservation initiative, the Fish and Wildlife Service has a variety of grant and technical aid programs to support wildlife recovery.
"These programs are the heart and soul of the federal government's commitment to cooperative conservation," Norton said. "They are perfectly tailored to recover this magnificent bird. Just as innovation and partnership are recovering whooping cranes that were nearly extinct, I am hopeful that by working together, a secure future lies ahead for the Ivory-billed woodpecker."
Cooperative conservation, a cornerstone of the Bush Administration's environmental protection policies, exemplifies a new environmentalism focused on performance, partnerships, innovation and incentives to achieve the Nation's environmental goals. The programs preserve millions of acres of habitat, improve riparian habitat along thousands of miles of streams and develop conservation plans for endangered species and their habitat across the country.
President Bush recently issued an executive order directing that federal agencies that oversee environmental and natural resource policies and programs promote cooperative conservation in full partnership with States, local governments, tribes and individuals. Local involvement is critical to ensuring successful, effective, and long lasting conservation results.
In addition to attracting the Ivory-billed woodpecker, the "Corridor of Hope," including the Cache River National Wildlife Refuge, is home to 7 endangered species and 265 species of birds-over a quarter of the U.S. total. Some 80 percent of the fish species in the lower Mississippi River Valley inhabit the waters in the area, which also boasts thousand-year-old Tupelo and Cypress trees.
The refuge remains open to visitors. However, while determining the appropriate level of use, refuge managers have, on an interim basis, established a 5,000-acre managed access area in the 65,000-acre refuge. The Fish and Wildlife Service has established five access points for refuge visitors hoping to catch a glimpse of the woodpecker. The Service is working with refuge partners on the construction of viewing towers to make viewing easier. In addition, the Fish and Wildlife Service has increased its law enforcement presence in the refuge to ensure protection of the refuge's resources, including the rediscovered bird.
The Ivory-billed woodpecker has been admired by birders and for many years. Phillip
Hoose, in his book titled The Race to Save the Lord God Bird, wrote that many who have observed the bird, from John James Audubon to President Theodore Roosevelt, have nicknamed it "Lord God bird" and "Good God bird."
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