A rugged, whitewater river flowing northward through deep canyons, the New River is among the oldest rivers on the continent. New River Gorge National River in West Virginia encompasses over 70,000 acres of land along the New River, is rich in cultural and natural history, and offers an abundance of scenic and recreational opportunities.
Big Southern Butte is one of two domes rising from a sea of basalt near the center of the eastern Snake River Plain in Idaho. The butte is one of the largest volcanic domes in the world, but at 300,000 years old it is also one of the youngest. Hikers who trek to the 7,550-foot high summit are rewarded with spectacular panoramic views. Photo by Devin Englestead, BLM Upper Snake Wildlife Biologist.
First light at Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge in New Mexico. Established in November 22, 1939, the refuge has provided a critical stopover and wintering spot for thousands of sandhill cranes, geese and other waterfowl for 75 years. Bosque del Apache's sandhill crane population has multiplied from 18 birds in the 1840s to more than 20,000 birds today. Photo by Kim Hang Dessoliers (www.sharetheexperience.org).
In 2009, the Command Oil Spill Trustee Council, consisting of the Fish and Wildlife Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and three California state agencies, continued to implement and monitor several inter-related restoration projects. These projects are intended to compensate for injuries to birds and impacts to human recreational uses resulting from an oil spill in 1998 along the San Mateo County coast.
One of the primary components of the Command restoration plan is to protect seabird colonies on rocky outcrops and islands in and near the Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary and the Farallones National Wildlife Refuge. Through a partnership with the U.S. Coast Guard and the Federal Aviation Administration, the Command Trustee Council has been able to establish seven restricted zones around seabird colonies and educate boaters, kayakers, pilots and others about the need avoid these sensitive sites and to view the seabirds without disturbance.
The trustees plan to install an additional 27 buoys around the enclosure areas. This project has become a model that is being adopted at other coastal restoration sites up and down the California coast.
The trustees have also designed and built rock walls and structures to prevent disturbance of common murre nest sites by hikers using a foot path on Southeast Farallon Island. This project has led to a 12% increase in nests. Trustee biologists have observed that the vast majority, approximately 90%, of the common murres on the island reside and nest in areas where walls shield the birds from view. Additional projects undertaken by the trustees include a partnership to restore native vegetation to Año Nuevo Island, improving public access to beaches and coastal observation sites, and continuing to monitor the results of bird management and land acquisition projects undertaken in past years.