Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Trustees Release Amendment to Final Restoration Plan for Natural Resources Injured by Hazardous Substances Releases in Housatonic River, Connecticut
Last edited 2/14/2017
On August 20, 2013, the federal and State natural resource trustees released the publicly-reviewed “Final Amendment to the Housatonic River Basin Final Natural Resources Restoration Plan, Environmental Assessment, and Environmental Impact Evaluation for Connecticut.” This Amendment selects seven, additional, preferred aquatic natural resource restoration projects to be undertaken in Connecticut.
The natural resource trustees involved in this case include:
State of Connecticut, represented by Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection;
U.S. Department of Commerce, represented by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and,
U.S. Department of the Interior, represented by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Housatonic River flows south from the Berkshire Mountains through western Massachusetts and Connecticut, eventually emptying into Long Island Sound. From the late 1930s to the late 1970s, General Electric Company operated a facility in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, for the manufacture of electrical transformers. Hazardous substances from this facility -- including PCBs, dioxins, furans, volatile organic compounds, semi-volatile organic compounds and metals -- were released to Housatonic River.
Sediments, floodplain soils, river banks and former river oxbows in the Housatonic River watershed, from Pittsfield to Long Island Sound, were contaminated by these hazardous substances. Natural resources and natural resource services were injured by these releases.
Natural resource damage claims against General Electric were settled in a Consent Decree entered by the U.S. District Court on October 27, 2000. In this settlement, General Electric agreed to clean-up the contamination and pay $15 million for natural resource restoration projects. Approximately half of this amount was directed to projects specifically in Connecticut. The trustees released a publicly-reviewed Restoration Plan in July 2009 selecting 27 preferred restoration projects in Connecticut, totaling $7 million, to restore these injured natural resources and natural resource services.
A portion of these settlement funds were reserved for future aquatic natural resource restoration projects to be determined by amending the 2009 Restoration Plan. With accrued interest, these reserved funds have grown to more than $2 million.
This publicly-reviewed Amendment to the Restoration Plan selects seven aquatic natural resource restoration projects to be funded with these reserved funds, including:
Power Line Marsh habitat restoration;
Restoration of River and stream continuity in northwest Connecticut through culvert replacement;
Long Beach west tidal marsh habitat restoration;
McKinney National Wildlife Refuge, Great Meadows Unit, conceptual marsh restoration;
Old Papermill Pond Dam fish passage;
Pin Shop Pond Dam removal; and,
Tingue Dam bypass channel.
These restoration projects are designed to improve estuarine wildlife habitat and increase habitat for migratory fish. The trustees will monitor and evaluate the implementation of these projects.