Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Trustees Settle Natural Resource Damage Claims Arising from Hazardous Substances Releases into St. Lawrence Environment, St. Lawrence County, New York
Last edited 4/20/2016
On July 17, 2013, the federal, State and Tribal natural resource trustees settled natural resource damage claims with two parties arising from hazardous substances releases into St. Lawrence River watershed, near Massena, St. Lawrence County, in northern New York. The settling parties are Alcoa, Inc. and Reynolds Metals Company. The settlement is embodied in a Consent Decree that was entered by the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of New York.
The natural resource trustees involved in this case include:
St. Regis Mohawk Tribe;
State of New York, represented by New York Department of Environmental Conservation;
U.S. Department of Commerce, represented by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and,
U.S. Department of the Interior, represented by Bureau of Indian Affairs and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Pollution from former, large industrial manufacturing facilities in Massena, New York, has contaminated soils, sediments, groundwater and surface waters in the St. Lawrence Environment. The 2,700-acre Alcoa West aluminum products manufacturing facility released hazardous substances, including PCBs, onto the facility property and into Grasse River. The 1,600-acre Reynolds Metals aluminum ore refining facility, now operated by Alcoa, discharged various types of hazardous wastes, including PAHs, into St. Lawrence River.
The trustees determined that the hazardous substances released by these industrial operations injured natural resources, including sediment, fish, birds, amphibians and mammals. Natural resource services -- including recreational fishing and Tribal cultural uses -- were also injured.
Cleanup of this contamination is being undertaken pursuant to a Unilateral Administrative Order issued by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. This UAO requires Alcoa to investigate the contamination and implement remedial actions.
Under this settlement for natural resource damages in the entered Consent Decree, the settling parties will:
Pay $933,950 for trustees’ past assessment costs, including $638,644.25 for DOI past costs;
Pay $7,279,883 for natural resource restoration projects;
Pay $8,387,898 for Tribal cultural restoration projects;
Acquire and transfer title to the State two parcels of land: the Coles Creek parcel and Wilson Hill parcel; and,