Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Emergency Support Function (ESF) #11 Protection of Natural and Cultural Resources and Historic Properties (NCH) is organized and coordinated by the United States Department of the Interior (DOI) and works with a series of support agencies to respond to incidents threatening Natural and Cultural Resources and Historic Properties. Support agencies have specific capabilities and resources that support the primary agency in executing the mission of the ESF.
DOI also partners with the Heritage Emergency National Task Force (HENTF), a consortium of non-governmental organization and federal agencies that provides the combined experience and resources of its members to support ESF #11 NCH.
When ESF #11 NCH is activated, DOI consults and works with our support agencies and partners to assist with response activities, including providing expertise and guidance.
Certain partners, such as HENTF, participate in preparedness and response even when ESF #11 NCH is not activated, and can be a valuable source of information and aid for non-disaster preservation of natural and cultural resources.