Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
FROM: E. Melodee Stith, Director, Office for Equal Opportunity
SUBJECT: Executive Order 13160 Guidance Document - - Ensuring Equal Opportunity in Federally Conducted
Education and Training Programs
Please find attached the subject Guidance Document that was issued by the Department of Justice on January 18, 2001. This Guidance was issued pursuant to the requirements of Executive Order 13160. The Executive Order prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, sex, color, national origin, disability, religion, age, sexual orientation, and status as a parent in Federally conducted education and training programs. This Equal Opportunity Directive also reiterates the Department of the Interior's (DOI) policy and commitment to providing educational environments that are entirely free from discrimination based on race, sex, color, national origin, disability, religion, age, sexual orientation, and status as a parent.
General Policy. It is Interior's policy that no individual shall be excluded from participating in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination in a Federally conducted education or training program or activity conducted, operated, or undertaken by any DOI bureau of office, on the basis of race, sex, color national origin, disability, religion, age, sexual orientation, and status as a parent.
Summary. Among the topics addressed in the policy Guidance Document is the scope of covered programs, applicable legal principles, examples of discriminatory conduct, enforcement or complaints processing procedures, remedies, and reporting requirements.
Effective Date of Guidance Document. January 18, 2001.
Complaint Processing Procedures. The Executive Order covers all people involved in DOI federally conducted education or training programs. Effective immediately, all DOI bureaus and offices are directed to establish procedures for processing complaints under the authority of Executive Order 13160. In order to comply with the requirements of the Executive Order, all bureau and office procedures for receiving and addressing complaints must be in place by April 18, 2001. In addition, all DOI bureaus and offices are directed to take immediate steps toward establishing an outreach program to proclaim the Executive Order's nondiscrimination policy in terms of their federally conducted education or training programs including the procedures for filing covered complaints.
To ensure Department-wide compliance with the requirements of the Executive Order, within 60 days of the date of this Directive, we request that each bureau or office report to the Departmental Office for Equal Opportunity on the outreach steps that have been taken to inform all education and training components within the bureau's or office's jurisdiction, including beneficiaries, of DOI's nondiscrimination policy and enforcement procedures under the Executive Order.
ATTACHMENT - Call 202-208-6647
INQUIRIES: Melvin C. Fowler, Civil Rights Staff Assistant, Departmental Office for Equal Opportunity, (202) 208-3455