A rugged, whitewater river flowing northward through deep canyons, the New River is among the oldest rivers on the continent. New River Gorge National River in West Virginia encompasses over 70,000 acres of land along the New River, is rich in cultural and natural history, and offers an abundance of scenic and recreational opportunities.
Big Southern Butte is one of two domes rising from a sea of basalt near the center of the eastern Snake River Plain in Idaho. The butte is one of the largest volcanic domes in the world, but at 300,000 years old it is also one of the youngest. Hikers who trek to the 7,550-foot high summit are rewarded with spectacular panoramic views. Photo by Devin Englestead, BLM Upper Snake Wildlife Biologist.
First light at Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge in New Mexico. Established in November 22, 1939, the refuge has provided a critical stopover and wintering spot for thousands of sandhill cranes, geese and other waterfowl for 75 years. Bosque del Apache's sandhill crane population has multiplied from 18 birds in the 1840s to more than 20,000 birds today. Photo by Kim Hang Dessoliers (www.sharetheexperience.org).
The following are some of the significant cases in this area. They are offered as a start to understanding the issues, and are not intended as a substitute for obtaining legal advice from DOI's Solicitor's Office or private counsel. These summaries are intended neither as a legal analysis regarding specific matters, nor as a complete review of the topic.
Frazee v. Illinois Dept of Employment Security, 489 U.S. 829 S.Ct. 1514 (1989). The Court held that the First Amendment Free Exercise Clause protected the applicant's entitlement to unemployment compensation after the applicant was denied unemployment compensation because he refused, for religious reasons, to work on Sunday.
Welsh v. United States, 398 U.S.333, 90 S.Ct 1792 (1970). The Court held that for a "belief" to be protected under the First Amendment, the belief must be sincere and meaningful.
Ansonia Board of Education v. Philbrook, 479 U.S 60, 107 S.Ct 367 (1986). The Court held that an employer meets the obligations to accommodate employee's religious practice when it offers a reasonable accommodation to the employee and need not show that each of the employee's alternative accommodations would result in undue hardship.
City of Boerne v. Flores, 117 S.Ct. 2157 (1997). Religious Freedom Restoration Act overturned because it is an unwarranted Congressional intrusion into States' traditional prerogatives to pass laws and otherwise govern its citizens.