Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Seasoned backpacker and adventurer Yang Lu earned the grand prize in the 2015 Share the Experience photo contest with this image of a sunburst captured at sunrise in Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah. Yang has made the outdoors part of his daily life and finds deep connection to the land through his lens.
“My photography is not just for recreation, it is to inspire people to explore these areas." -- Yang Lu
Photo by Yang Lu (www.sharetheexperience.org).
The following are some of the significant cases in this area. They are offered as a start to understanding the issues, and are not intended as a substitute for obtaining legal advice from DOI's Solicitor's Office or private counsel. These summaries are intended neither as a legal analysis regarding specific matters, nor as a complete review of the topic.
ADA Home Page, provides an Americans with Disabilities Act information line, and information on enforcement, status reports, technical assistance program, certification, technical assistance materials, new or proposed regulations, settlement information, and ADA mediation, and is supported by the Department of Justice.
DOJ Litigation, reviews recent cases under ADA and is supported by the Department of Justice.
The ADA Document Center, provided by the Great Lakes Disability and Business Technical Assistance Center, the ADA-OHIO Steering Committee, and Duncan C. Kinder.
Southeastern Community College v. Davis, 442 U.S. 397, 99 S.Ct. 2361 (1979). Held that a person was "qualified" only if she could, with her hearing disability, performed essential functions of her position.
Bragdon v. Abbott, U.S. 118 S.Ct. 2196 (1998). Court addressed for the first time the question of what constitutes a disability, in the context of alleged discrimination in a public accommodation. Court found that reproduction is a major life activity, and that HIV substantially limited this major life activity.. In this case, the Court also addressed the question of proof that a disabled person poses a direct threat to the safety of others.
School Board of Nassau City v. Arline, 480 S.Ct. 273 (1987). School teacher with TB was improperly dismissed. While the Rehabilitation Act does not protect an individual who posed "a significant risk of communicating an infectious disease to others," this determination must be based on medical or other objective scientific evidence, not simply on a good faith belief that a significant risk existed.