Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
The following are some of the significant cases in this area. They are offered as a start to understanding the issues, and are not intended as a substitute for obtaining legal advice from DOI's Solicitor's Office or private counsel. These summaries are intended neither as a legal analysis regarding specific matters, nor as a complete review of the topic.
ADA Home Page, provides an Americans with Disabilities Act information line, and information on enforcement, status reports, technical assistance program, certification, technical assistance materials, new or proposed regulations, settlement information, and ADA mediation, and is supported by the Department of Justice.
DOJ Litigation, reviews recent cases under ADA and is supported by the Department of Justice.
The ADA Document Center, provided by the Great Lakes Disability and Business Technical Assistance Center, the ADA-OHIO Steering Committee, and Duncan C. Kinder.
Southeastern Community College v. Davis, 442 U.S. 397, 99 S.Ct. 2361 (1979). Held that a person was "qualified" only if she could, with her hearing disability, performed essential functions of her position.
Bragdon v. Abbott, U.S. 118 S.Ct. 2196 (1998). Court addressed for the first time the question of what constitutes a disability, in the context of alleged discrimination in a public accommodation. Court found that reproduction is a major life activity, and that HIV substantially limited this major life activity.. In this case, the Court also addressed the question of proof that a disabled person poses a direct threat to the safety of others.
School Board of Nassau City v. Arline, 480 S.Ct. 273 (1987). School teacher with TB was improperly dismissed. While the Rehabilitation Act does not protect an individual who posed "a significant risk of communicating an infectious disease to others," this determination must be based on medical or other objective scientific evidence, not simply on a good faith belief that a significant risk existed.