Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Enhancing Quality Assurance in the Award and Administration of Financial Assistance Transactions
December 28, 2006
Financial Assistance Communication Liaison Policy Release: 2007 - 1
To: Financial Assistance Communication Liaisons
Subject: Enhancing Quality Assurance in the Award and Administration of Financial Assistance Transactions
The purpose of this policy issuance is to provide bureau/office financial assistance programs with additional quality assurance tools for immediate use, and to reiterate the requirements found in Part 505, Section 2 of the Departmental Manual (DM) regarding:
selection of the appropriate award instrument, i.e., grant, contract, or cooperative agreement;
the need for clear legal authority for entering into financial assistance agreements; and
increased competition, where appropriate, and transparency in all financial assistance transactions.
For the purpose of this policy, financial assistance awards are defined as grants and cooperative agreements.
In an effort to ensure that Department of the Interior financial assistance awards are made in accordance with Office of Management and Budget policy and 505 Departmental Manual (DM) requirements, all financial assistance awards must include a completed Financial Assistance Agreement Review Sheet (attached). This checklist must also be used in the conduct of management reviews of financial assistance transactions. A copy of the checklist was also provided to bureaus/offices with the December 5, 2006, Fiscal Year 2007 Internal Control/Departmental Functional Review Guidance for Acquisition, Financial Assistance, and Property Management.
In completing the checklist, financial assistance officials must ensure that they address the applicability and extent of competition for each transaction awarded.
A flowchart mapping the process bureaus offices should use when determining proper award instrument selection is also attached for immediate use and reference.
Please contact Kate Oliver of my staff at 202-208-3345 if you have any additional questions.
Debra E. Sonderman, Director Office of Acquisition and Property Management