Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Department of the Interior Acquisition Policy Release (DIAPR) 2005-04
SUBJECT: Federal Procurement Data-Next Generation (FPDS-NG) Reporting
This policy release directs all bureau acquisition personnel not yet implemented on the contract writing system under the Financial and Business Management System (FBMS) to report all procurement actions over $2,500, in accordance with FAR 4.602, to FPDS-NG via direct web entry in lieu of the IDEAS-PD contracting writing system.
2. Effective Date:
Effective October 1, 2005.
3. Expiration Date:
This policy release shall remain in effect for each bureau until it transitions to the new contract writing system under FBMS.
4. Background and Explanation:
FPDS-NG is the Government-wide system used to collect procurement data for transactions of $2,500 or more. The most current version of FPDS-NG is version 1.2, which was implemented in the fall of 2004. Version 1.3 of FPDS-NG is tentatively scheduled to be implemented in October 2005. The Department of the Interior (DOI) is currently using the IDEAS-PD contract writing system to access FPDS-NG version 1.1 via a system to system interface. DOI is transitioning from the IDEAS-PD contract writing system to the PRISM contract writing system with the advent of DOI's FBMS. This transition will be implemented by bureaus, in phases, over the next three years. In order to remain current with the most recent version of FPDS-NG at any time in the near future, the IDEAS-PD contracting writing system would have to be consistently modified in order to accommodate these on-going changes. After reviewing this issue thoroughly and considering our needs, it became clear that providing funding to enhance a software system that is scheduled to be replaced in the short term is not fiscally prudent. FPDS-NG data will therefore be entered by each bureau using direct entry into the FPDS-NG web site (https:\www.fpds.gov) until the bureau transitions to the new contract writing system under FBMS. The Acquisition Managers Partnership (AMP) unanimously voted on July 13, 2005, to use the direct web entry method prior to FBMS acquisition system implementation for each bureau. Within two weeks of issuance of this policy release, user ids, passwords, and other supplemental information will be supplied by the PAM office to each bureau's acquisition system administrator for further distribution.
5. Action Required:
Beginning October 1, 2005, all DOI acquisition personnel using the IDEAS-PD contract writing system must report all procurement data, in accordance with FAR 4.602, to FPDS-NG by accessing the FPDS-NG web site directly and entering the information. Procurement data should no longer be reported to FPDS-NG via the IDEAS-PD contract writing system. As each bureau transitions to the new contract writing system under FBMS, FPDS-NG data will once again be reported using the system to system interface and direct entry at the FPDS-NG web site should cease.
6. Additional Information:
If you have questions about this matter, please contact Kate Oliver at (202) 208-3345.