Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Class Deviation from the Federal Acquisition Regulation
April 18, 2005
Department of the Interior Acquisition Policy Release (DIAPR) 2005-02
SUBJECT: Class Deviation from the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) 53.212, 53.213-(a), 53.213(f), 53.236-1(e), Forms
The purpose of this policy release is to issue a class deviation from the revised Form use requirements at FAR 53.212, 53.213-(a), 53.213(f), 53.236-1(e) as included in Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-02, March 23, 2005.
2. Effective Date:
Effective upon issuance.
This policy release shall remain in effect for each bureau until such time as that bureau transitions to the new contract writing system under FBMS.
4. Background and Explanation:
On March 23, 2005, FAC 2005-02 was issued amending Standard Form (SF) 1449, Solicitation/Contract/Order for Commercial items, SF 1447, Solicitation/Contract, and Optional Form (OF) 347, Order for Supplies or Services. All three forms were changed to add a check box for Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned Small Businesses (SDVOSB).
The Department of the Interior (DOI) is transitioning from one contract writing system (IDEAS) to another (PRISM) with the advent of DOI's Financial Business Management System (FBMS). This transition will be implemented by bureaus, in phases, over the next two years. The changes to the Standard Forms referenced in FAC 2005-02 are expected to be included in the new contract writing system. The IDEAS contract writing system, however, would have to be modified in order to accommodate these changes. Providing funding to enhance a software system that is scheduled to be replaced in the short term is not fiscally prudent. In addition, the continued use of these forms as they appeared prior to the March 2005 revisions, in no way affects FPDS-NG reporting of SDVOSB actions or the way these actions are solicited and awarded. I have, therefore, in accordance with FAR 1.404, consulted with the Chairman, Civilian Agency Acquisition Council, regarding issuance of a class deviation.
5. Action Required:
In accordance with FAR 1.404, I hereby authorize a class deviation from the requirements at FAR 53.212, 53.213-(a), 53.213(f), 53.236-1(e) for all DOI acquisition personnel using the IDEAS contract writing system. IDEAS users should use the forms as they appeared prior to the March 2005 revisions.
Pursuant to DIAR 1401.404, class deviations, a copy of this class deviation shall be referenced in the contract file.
6. Additional Information:
If you have questions about this matter, please contact Kate Oliver by phone at (202) 208-3345.