Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Class Deviation from the Federal Acquisition Regulation
April 18, 2005
Department of the Interior Acquisition Policy Release (DIAPR) 2005-02
SUBJECT: Class Deviation from the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) 53.212, 53.213-(a), 53.213(f), 53.236-1(e), Forms
The purpose of this policy release is to issue a class deviation from the revised Form use requirements at FAR 53.212, 53.213-(a), 53.213(f), 53.236-1(e) as included in Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-02, March 23, 2005.
2. Effective Date:
Effective upon issuance.
This policy release shall remain in effect for each bureau until such time as that bureau transitions to the new contract writing system under FBMS.
4. Background and Explanation:
On March 23, 2005, FAC 2005-02 was issued amending Standard Form (SF) 1449, Solicitation/Contract/Order for Commercial items, SF 1447, Solicitation/Contract, and Optional Form (OF) 347, Order for Supplies or Services. All three forms were changed to add a check box for Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned Small Businesses (SDVOSB).
The Department of the Interior (DOI) is transitioning from one contract writing system (IDEAS) to another (PRISM) with the advent of DOI's Financial Business Management System (FBMS). This transition will be implemented by bureaus, in phases, over the next two years. The changes to the Standard Forms referenced in FAC 2005-02 are expected to be included in the new contract writing system. The IDEAS contract writing system, however, would have to be modified in order to accommodate these changes. Providing funding to enhance a software system that is scheduled to be replaced in the short term is not fiscally prudent. In addition, the continued use of these forms as they appeared prior to the March 2005 revisions, in no way affects FPDS-NG reporting of SDVOSB actions or the way these actions are solicited and awarded. I have, therefore, in accordance with FAR 1.404, consulted with the Chairman, Civilian Agency Acquisition Council, regarding issuance of a class deviation.
5. Action Required:
In accordance with FAR 1.404, I hereby authorize a class deviation from the requirements at FAR 53.212, 53.213-(a), 53.213(f), 53.236-1(e) for all DOI acquisition personnel using the IDEAS contract writing system. IDEAS users should use the forms as they appeared prior to the March 2005 revisions.
Pursuant to DIAR 1401.404, class deviations, a copy of this class deviation shall be referenced in the contract file.
6. Additional Information:
If you have questions about this matter, please contact Kate Oliver by phone at (202) 208-3345.