Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Department Wide Prohibition Against the Acquisition of Interrogation or Human Intelligence Services
June 16, 2004
Department of the Interior Acquisition Policy Release (DIAPR) 2004-05
SUBJECT: Department Wide Prohibition Against the Acquisition of Interrogation or Human Intelligence Services
This policy release establishes Department Wide policy prohibiting the acquisition of certain services, as specified below.
2. Effective Date:
This policy release is effective upon issuance.
3. Expiration Date:
This policy release shall remain in effect until the following policy is formally incorporated into the Departmental Manual under the Department of the Interior Acquisition Regulation.
Effective immediately, Department of the Interior contracting personnel are prohibited from acquiring by contract, inter-agency acquisition, grant, cooperative agreement, or other vehicles, interrogation or human intelligence services regardless of dollar value, for internal or external customers. Specifically, this includes any requirements related to interrogation, screening of foreign detainees, and/or linguists and translators associated with the interrogation or screening process.
Contracting officers are required to consult with their respective Chief of Contracting Office or Bureau Procurement Chief whenever there is a question as to whether any incoming requisitions fall into the catagories covered by this policy.
5. Action Required:
Bureau Procurement Chiefs shall provide a copy of this policy to all procurement and contracting personnel employees in their bureaus.
Please contact Patricia Corrigan of this office on 202-208-1906 if you have any questions regarding the above policy.