Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Notice to Contractors, Subcontractors, and Lessors
January 11, 2000
Department of the Interior Acquisition Policy Release (DIAPR) 2000-1
Subject:U.S. Department of the Interior Notice to Contractors, Subcontractors, and Lessors
By law, Executive Order, or internal policy, the U.S. Department of the Interior prohibits discrimination in the workplace, including sexual harassment, based on race, color, national origin, sex, religion, disability, age, or sexual orientation. As a means of encouraging non-discrimination by its contractors, subcontractors, and lessors, the U.S. Department of the Interior requires that a notice to prospective contractors, subcontractors, and lessors be posted on certain web sites and included in the transmittal notices, and/or terms and conditions of solicitations, contracts, and leases, as appropriate.
2. Effective Date:
The following policy is effective immediately.
3. Expiration Date:
This policy release will remain in effect until canceled or superseded.
4. Background and Explanation.
The Federal contracting process has long been an instrument for implementing policy initiatives. While discrimination is prohibited by law for some categories of individuals, other categories are protected by Executive Order and policy applicable to the Federal and Departmental civilian workforces only. As a means of encouraging comprehensive non-discrimination policies by its contractors, subcontractors, and lessors, the U.S. Department of the Interior hereby establishes a policy requiring that the following notice to prospective contractors, subcontractors, and lessors be:
A. Posted on all Internet web sites identifying contracting and other business opportunities with the U.S. Department of the Interior and individual bureaus;
B. Included in the transmittal notices or special provisions of solicitations and contracts for non-commercial items/services over $100,000; and
C. Included in leases awarded directly by Interior bureaus and offices:
NON-DISCRIMINATION NOTICE TO U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR CONTRACTORS, SUBCONTRACTORS, AND LESSORS (DEC 1999)
Based upon law, Executive Order, or internal policy, the Department of the Interior prohibits discrimination in the workplace, including sexual harassment, based on race, color, national origin, sex, religion, disability, age, or sexual orientation. The Department urges its contractors, subcontractors and lessors to develop and enforce comprehensive anti-discrimination policies for their places of work.
This notice states that Department's non-discrimination policy and encourages the same from its contractors, subcontractors, and lessors. With the exception of categories protected by law, compliance is voluntary and no extraordinary enforcement or protection mechanisms on the part of the Government are implied.
5. Action Required:
(1) Bureau Acquisition Managers will distribute this policy release to all appropriate members of their staffs for immediate implementation; (2) Bureau Acquisition managers will coordinate with their respective Web Site Administrators to ensure that the notice is posted on web sites identifying contracting and other business opportunities; and (3) Bureau IEAS-PD System Administrators will make necessary changes to include the above notice in transmittal, and solicitation/contract provision or clause templates.
Please contact Patricia Corrigan of this office on (202)208-1906 if you have any questions regarding this policy issuance.