Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
The Indian Affairs Records Management Manual (IARMM) was created by the Office of Trust Records (OTR), Division of Records Management Policies, Procedures and Training, to promote the management of a nationwide records program that conforms to the legal obligations of the trust relationship between the Federal government and American Indians. OTR is part of the Office of the Special Trustee for American Indians (OST), Office of the Secretary. OTR was established under the authority of the American Indian Trust Fund Management Reform Act of 1994, Pub. L. 103-412, (25 USC 4001 et. seq.).
The Director of OTR reports to the Deputy Special Trustee - Program Management in OST, and is responsible for managing records programs consistent with requirements set forth in 44 USC Chapter 31, for Indian Affairs (Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), Bureau of Indian Education (BIE), Assistant Secretary - Indian Affairs, and OST). OTR also manages the Department's fiduciary trust records in concert with OST; AS-IA; BIA; Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR); Bureau of Land Management (BLM); and the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA). OTR coordinates its activities with offices and agencies such as the Office of the Solicitor (SOL), the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), the Department of Justice, and the Office of Management and Budget. The Director, OTR, serves as the Department's designated official responsible for authorizing access to Indian trust records at the American Indian Records Repository (AIRR).
The IARMM follows an established method of numbering according to Chapters and Sections. The format for the IARMM was established by OTR. The IARMM contains records management policies and procedures, and is being revised in its entirety. As each Section is published an issuance date will be entered to the right of the title. The IARMM is currently unavailable.