Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
OAS Appraisal Backlog is defined as any appraisal request not completed by the due date negotiated with OAS. OAS has developed a policy for negotiated due dates for appraisal requests. The following procedures apply.
The Regional Supervisory Appraiser (RSA) will contact the BIA Superintendent or the appropriate line official to negotiate a new due date acceptable to both parties before the appraisal request is assigned for completion, if the requested due date is not achievable by OAS.
RSAs must work collaboratively with BIA Superintendents and Deputy Superintendents, realty officers, tribal/village/corporate officials and Regional Directors to negotiate appraisal request due dates and manage priorities based on risk. An RSA must not change a due date unilaterally to manage appraisals past due or accommodate workload demands, nor does the RSA have the authority to cancel appraisal requests without concurrence from the OAS Director or Deputy Director and the original requestor of the appraisal.
The due date for an appraisal request will be changed only when:
The change does not negatively affect the client's transaction schedule with the transaction schedule being reasonable and attainable in the normal course of business.
The client identifies and sets a higher priority. In the event of priority conflicts, OAS will consult with the affected client to reprioritize the client's schedule.
The client agrees to a proposed change in the due date to meet OAS workload demands (only after the client checks with the landowner for consent to change the due date).
Consent has been obtained from the tribal official representing a 638-Contract or Self-Governance Compact Realty Program.
Tribal Backlog is considered to be any request for an appraisal that has not been completed and provided to the OAS Regional Supervisory Appraiser for review within 60 days of receiving a complete and valid appraisal request, unless extended by negotiation with the client.
Tribal Appraisal Review Backlog is defined as any 93-638* tribal appraisal assigned for review and approval that is incomplete after 30 days. OAS has 30 days to review and approve appraisals prepared by tribal appraisal offices operating under 93-638 programs.
*Public Law 93-638,Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975