Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
The Office of Appraisal Services (OAS) provides appraisals, appraisal reviews, and appraisal consulting of real property interests on trust and restricted lands. OAS supports the Secretary of the Interior's trust responsibilities for tribal and individual Indian beneficiaries trust assets.
The request for appraisal services determines the market value for various real estate transactions and provides beneficiaries with information about their trust asset. The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) and contract or compact tribes operating the real estate services program request appraisals to support the following types of real estate transactions:
Other types of real estate transactions
The OAS Director has supervision of 12 regional offices aligned with the 12 BIA regional offices throughout Indian country. In each regional office is a Regional Supervisory Appraiser who is responsible for the incoming appraisal services and managing appraisal assignments.
OAS also supports the Land Buy-Back Program for Tribal Nations by providing land valuation services. Land valuation, a technical process that provides a baseline or benchmark, enables decisions to be made about fair market values.