Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Project to Revise Tribal Shares for the Appraisal Services Program
OST has completed a project* to revise how funding shares are calculated and allocated to tribes who are performing, or are interested in performing, the appraisal program pursuant to Public Law 93-638, the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975, as amended [25 U.S.C. §450j-1(a)].
On December 6, 2011, the OAS Director, with concurrence of the Principal Deputy Special Trustee, approved the implementation of the new appraisal tribal shares formula. Information about the new tribal shares was communicated to tribes and the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Additional funding to tribes that contract the appraisal program is provided when workloads justify an increase.
The tribal shares that were calculated in 1995 had not changed nor had they been recalculated in step with increased regional appraisal budgets. Revised formulas ensure uniformity and transparency in determining: 1) tribal shares and 2) funding residual for inherent federal functions.
OST will determine the next course of action relative to the project and post results here. If you have questions, please contact the Director of OAS at firstname.lastname@example.org or