Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
White office stationery (also, high-quality, off-white paper such as stationery)
White envelopes with water-soluble glue (i.e., seals when moistened), without windows, and without self-adhesive labels or postage stamps (please remove and discard these)
Mixed (colored) Paper - Grade 2
Colored or natural-shade paper
Magazines and glossy paper
Yellow routing and message slips
Blueprints and drawings
Shredded paper (must be in bags)
Books (glued, stitched, or stapled) - examples include CFRs and Federal Registers
File stock - manila, green, or brown folders; wallet folders; hanging folders (please remove the metal hangers first)
Tabbed dividers (remove plastic materials)
Envelopes (any color except white) with water-soluble glue and envelopes with windows (please remove and discard self-adhesive labels and/or postage stamps)
Copy-paper wrappers (i.e., the wrappers that bind each ream of new paper)
Staples may be left on paper being recycled, but paper clips, binder clips, and other reusable fasteners should be removed and reused.
Documents that contain sensitive information (e.g., data protected under the Privacy Act of 1974) should be shredded before being recycled or discarded.
Recycling containers for desktop separation of Grades 1 and 2 paper are available from the Building Manager's Office, room 1749, or by contacting one of the individuals listed at the end of this Recycling Guide.
Centralized collection centers are located throughout both buildings. For information on the one nearest to your office, please contact one of the individuals listed at the end of this Recycling Guide.
Newspaper - Grade 3
Newspapers should be recycled by placing them in the specially-marked containers which are located in both buildings. In the Stewart Lee Udall Department of the Interior Building, collection points are located at the pedestrian entrances to parking garages, in the dining area of the cafeteria, at freight-elevator lobbies on each floor, and in each kitchenette. In the South Interior Building, the containers for newspapers are located at the elevator lobby on each floor and in the vending room on the basement level.
Cardboard - Grade 4
Cardboard may be placed in the hallway outside each office door after 4:00 p.m. each business day. A special collection for large quantities of cardboard can be arranged by calling the Building Manager's Office. Please remove any waste and/or packing materials from the cardboard being recycled.
Telephone Directories - Grade 5
Old or unneeded telephone books (e.g., Verizon, Bell Atlantic directories, The One Book, Yellow Book, agency telephone directories, etc.) should be recycled. Please place these in the immediate area of the paper containers at your recycling center.
The items listed below should be separated or removed from paper materials being recycled.
Paper cups (unless obtained from the cafeteria)
Post-It® notes (although the paper is okay, the adhesive is not)
Pressure-sensitive (self-adhesive) labels and postage stamps
Three-ring or other types of binders (but, recycle the contents)
Plastic or metal spiral binders (remove the binding and recycle the contents)
Binder clips and other metal fasteners
Surplus and/or outdated computer equipment must be recycled. This includes items such as central processing units (CPUs) and monitors—be sure to remove the hard drive or ensure all data is properly removed from it. The OFAS Property Office has established a contract for recycling this type of equipment. For additional information, please contact John Butler, OFAS Property Officer.
Comingled Beverage Containers (Glass, Aluminum Cans, And Plastic)
Beverage containers (i.e., glass, aluminum cans, and plastic) are mixed together (comingled) into single collection containers which are conveniently located in our buildings. In the Stewart Lee Udall Department of the Interior Building, the collection containers are located in kitchenettes, freight-elevator lobbies, the cafeteria, and at pedestrian entrances to the parking garages. At the South Interior Building, collection containers are located at the elevator lobby on each floor, and in the vending room (basement level).
To make recycling beverage containers even more convenient for occupants, small collection containers were distributed to each office in the Stewart Lee Udall Department of the Interior Building and South Interior Building. These office containers are emptied every Friday.
Please ensure that bottles and cans have been rinsed and are empty. Caps or tops may remain on containers. Only type PET, PETE (No. 1), or HDPE (No. 2) plastics may be recycled. PET is used to make tough, shatterproof containers such as soft-drink and water bottles, and some food and medicine containers. HDPE (high-density polyethylene) plastics are flexible, translucent products such as milk and detergent bottles. PET, PETE, and HDPE containers will be marked as such or may be marked No. 1 or No. 2. The following are contaminants and should not be placed into the collection centers:
Stones and dirt
Plate, safety, or window glass
Heat-resistant glass such as Pyrex
Plastic bags or plastic wrap such as is used to preserve food
Lead-based glass such as crystal or TV tubes
Ceramic cups, dishes, oven ware, or light bulbs
We have added a full-cycle composting program to our recycling program. Food wastes and other compostable materials now are being collected in our buildings. The materials that are collected undergo initial processing here (i.e., run through a pulping machine and dried in a special oven for ten to twelve hours) and are transported to a composting facility where the material is mixed with soil and other compostable materials such as grass clippings and leaves for a to six- to nine-month period. The final product, rich compost, is returned here for use in our organic garden and in the landscaping surrounding our buildings. You will find specially-marked containers (marked Compostable Materials Only) located conveniently throughout our buildings. In the Stewart Lee Udall Department of the Interior Building, the containers are located in kitchenettes, freight-elevator lobbies, and the cafeteria. In the South Interior Building, they are located at each elevator lobby and in the vending room on the basement level. The containers are emptied by our custodial contractor every day. The following compostable materials and food wastes should be placed into the containers:
Fruit peels (e.g., apple, bananas, oranges, tangerines, etc.)
Forks, knives, spoons, cups, and straws from the cafeteria
Lids from the cafeteria (e.g., from coffee cups and soup/cereal bowls)
Clamshell food containers from the cafeteria (including the see-through type with the marking “PLA”)
Napkins from the cafeteria (or from any source that does not use bleach to whiten the napkins)
Paper bags from the cafeteria
Paper plates from the cafeteria
Coffee cups from the cafeteria
The emphasis on having some of the above items sourced from the cafeteria is because the cafeteria contractor purchases special, compostable items to support our efforts to ‘green' the building.
Skids and Pallets
In general, pallets and skids should be returned to their origin (e.g., Printing Plant, Loading dock (receiving section), GPO, etc.). They will be returned to their point of origin or recycled through a contract established by the Division of Facilities Management Services. For additional information, please contact Jay Agosto.
Cell Phones, Eye Glasses, Compact Discs, DVDs, Transparencies, and More
There are collection bins for miscellaneous items near the entrance to the Fitness Center in the main corridor of the basement in the Stewart Lee Udall Department of the Interior Building. There you may recycle:
Cartridges for printers (laser and ink-jet), copy machines, and fax machines,
Computer (floppy) disks,
Ni-Cad rechargeable batteries (sorry; we cannot recycle alkaline batteries),
Magnetic tapes (4 mm, 8 mm, VHS cassettes, reel-to-reel, and data cartridges), and
Scrap Metal And Fluorescent Light Tubes
Most scrap metal and fluorescent tube recycling is done by the facilities staff; however, there are successful recycling programs in place for occupants to recycle these items. Note: fluorescent tubes may contain trace amounts of hazardous materials and should not be discarded with other waste. Contact Ken Tunney for additional information.
Carpet and Padding
When replacing carpeting in offices, the existing carpet and padding must be recycled, down-cycled, or renewed. By recycling and buying recycled content (fiber and/or backing) and renewable (cleaned, retextured, and re-dyed) carpet tiles, we are reducing the environmental impact of our actions and saving resources (e.g., by diverting from landfills, reprocessing materials into new fiber, using post-industrial waste, saving oil, reducing global warming potential, etc.) that can be made into other products (e.g., automotive parts, parking barriers, lumbar alternatives, sod reinforcement, soundproofing). Most carpet manufactures have carpet-reclamation programs in place to accept old carpeting and padding. Contact Rick Farr, NBC Branch of Support Services, for additional information on how to have your carpeting and padding recycled.
Minimize waste by planning and coordinating your requirements.
Whenever possible, make double-sided copies when duplicating documents. If appropriate, consider using electronic transfer rather than paper copies.
Computers and some related equipment must be recycled.
Refrigerators, ice machines, water coolers, and other cooling equipment must be purged and certified to be free of all refrigerant before they can be discarded as waste or for salvage. This service is available on a reimbursable basis through the Branch of Support Services.
Properly dispose of all chemical wastes or excess. If assistance is desired, please contact Ken Tunney. The Federal Hazard Communication Program must be implemented for all chemicals for which a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) is issued, and a copy of the MSDS must be posted in the workplace where the chemicals are used or stored. We also ask that you provide the Building Manager's Office (Mail Stop 1420-MIB) with a copy of the MSDS for each chemical; emergency-response personnel may require this information during emergency conditions.
Please do not hesitate to contact us with any pertinent questions or if you would like to have additional information. You may contact us through the administrative contact for your bureau or office, the OFAS service desk on (202) 208-2222, or one of the individuals below.
Ken Tunney Phone: (202) 208-4398
Julio (Jay) Agosto Phone: (202) 208-3335
John Butler (Property) Phone: (202) 208-4682
Virginia McBride Phone: (202) 513-0884
Thank you for recycling! Your efforts to make our workplace more sustainable do make a difference.