Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
The Office of Facilities and Administrative Services (OFAS) Administrative Services Division, is responsible for administering the Department of the Interior (DOI) flag, seal and emblem program. The flag, seal and emblem are visible symbols of the Department of the Interior and may not be used with any commercial or other unofficial enterprise without the written approval of the Director, Office of Facilities and Administrative Services. Policies and procedures are contained in the Departmental Manual (DM) 310, Chapters 4 & 5 and include the following: 1) Approvals for official use of the DOI flag and/or seal (including private sector requests); 2) Guidance on displaying and flying the DOI and U.S. flags at DOI Facilities; 3) Half-staffing of U.S. Flag; 4) Review and coordination of proposed designs for new or existing bureau or office seals.
Flag of the United States of America
Bureaus and offices will display and use the U.S. flag as required by the Joint Resolution of June 22, 1942, as amended; Presidential Proclamation 3044 dated March 1, 1954; Public Law 94-344; 36 U.S.C. § 173-178; and Proclamation 4064, dated July 6, 1971. Departmental policy for displaying and using flags of the U.S. is supplemented by General Services Administration (GSA) regulations which govern the display or flying of the U.S. flag at GSA controlled installations. The U.S. flag should be flown in accordance with 36 U.S.C. §174. The U.S. flag should be displayed in the Offices of the Secretary, Solicitor, Assistant Secretaries, Inspector General, and the headquarters and regional headquarters offices of bureaus and offices. It should also be displayed or flown at official functions and special occasions, such as dedications, ceremonies, press conferences, etc. The position and manner of display of the U.S. flag will be in accordance with 36 U.S.C. §175 which outlines common use requirements. Generally, when the U.S. flag is displayed with other flags on separate staffs, it will be on the right, i.e., the flags own right (viewers left). No other flag may be placed higher than the U.S. flag.
Flags of the Department of the Interior
The Department of the Interior Flag (Department Flag) will be displayed or flown only in conjunction with the flag of the United States of America at the entrance to, near, or over all Department of the Interior-controlled installations. The flag should be displayed in the Offices of the Secretary, Solicitor, Assistant Secretaries, Inspector General, and the headquarters and regional headquarters of bureaus and offices. It may also be displayed or flown at official functions and special occasions, such as dedications, ceremonies, press conferences, etc. The Department flag will be flown at leased facilities which are solely occupied by the Department, where leasing arrangements (and GSA policy) permit.
The use of a seal by the Department of the Interior is authorized and required by the Act of August 24, 1912 (37 Stat. 498; 43 U.S.C. 1460 et seq.). The seal consists of a male buffalo with the head and body in a left position, standing on a prairie, with mountains and a rising sun in the background, enclosed within two concentric circles, having the words "U.S. Department of the Interior" and the date "March 3, 1849" inscribed in the top and bottom arcs within these circles. The official seal is three dimensional and 15¼ inches in diameter. Any reproduction or use shall not vary in design or appearance.
The use of emblems or insignia, which are not authorized by statute, to symbolize a bureau or office mission, must be approved by the appropriate program Assistant Secretary, the Director of the Office of Facilities and Administrative Services, and any other officials as needed, if required by legislation or Executive order. Before approval is granted, the emblem or insignia will be reviewed and evaluated for appropriate design, relationship of symbolism to mission and suitability of intended use.