Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Environmental Cleanup and Liability Management Team
The ECLM Team manages the Central Hazardous Materials Fund (CHF) to support cleanup of contaminated sites located on DOI lands, as well as the Environmental and Disposal Liabilities (EDL) program.
The CHF supports program management, response actions, remedial investigations/feasibility and other advanced studies, and cleanups at sites where a release of hazardous substances has occurred (as defined in the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) and for which the Department is the lead agency.
The EDL program is in response to requirements of the Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board (FASAB). The Department is required by statute to annually determine and report its financial environmental liability. Department-wide environmental liability is the sum of all real and personal property environmental liability estimates prepared by DOI Bureaus. The statutory mandates for the determination of environmental liability began with the Chief Financial Officers Act of 1990 (CFO). The purpose of the CFO Act was to improve general and financial management practices in the federal government by requiring the development of an integrated financial management system, including financial reporting and internal controls.