Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Seasoned backpacker and adventurer Yang Lu earned the grand prize in the 2015 Share the Experience photo contest with this image of a sunburst captured at sunrise in Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah. Yang has made the outdoors part of his daily life and finds deep connection to the land through his lens.
“My photography is not just for recreation, it is to inspire people to explore these areas." -- Yang Lu
Photo by Yang Lu (www.sharetheexperience.org).
The plantings of cherry trees originated in 1912 as a gift of friendship to the People of the United States from the People of Japan. In Japan, the flowering cherry tree, or "Sakura," is an exalted flowering plant. The beauty of the cherry blossom is a potent symbol equated with the evanescence of human life and epitomizes the transformation of Japanese culture throughout the ages.
STATEMENT OF STEPHEN E. WHITESELL, ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR, PARK PLANNING, FACILITIES, AND LANDS, NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, BEFORE THE SENATE SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL PARKS, OF THE COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES, CONCERNING S. 279 TO DIRECT THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR TO CARRY OUT A STUDY TO DETERMINE THE SUITABILITY AND FEASIBILITY OF ESTABLISHING CAMP HALE AS A UNIT OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM.
MAY 11, 2011
Mr. Chairman and members of the Subcommittee, thank you for the opportunity to appear before you today to present the Department of the Interior's views on S. 279
, the Camp Hale Study Act.The U.S. Forest Service ( White RiverNational Forest) currently manages CampHale as a part of the National Forest System.
The Department supports S. 279, with an amendment to section two to include the U.S. Forest Service in a joint study with the National Park Service for the future management of Camp Hale and to delete section three.However, we feel that priority should be given to the 40 previously authorized studies for potential units of the National Park System, potential new National Heritage Areas, and potential additions to the National Trails System and National Wild and Scenic River System that have not yet been transmitted to Congress.The Department testified in support of an identical bill in the last Congress, S. 1418, before this subcommittee on July 22, 2009.
S. 279 would authorize the Secretary of the Interior (Secretary) to conduct a special resource study to determine the suitability and feasibility of designating Camp Hale as a unit in the National Park System.The study would also determine the methods and means for protection and interpretation of the CampHale site by the National Park Service, other federal, State, or local government entities, or private or nonprofit organizations.Not later than three years after funds are made available, the Secretary is directed to submit the results and recommendations of the study to Congress.The bill includes language to assure the study would not impact valid existing water rights in place upon the date of enactment.S. 279 also specifies that the study would not impact the ability to construct and operate infrastructure necessary to develop and use those water rights.We estimate that this study will cost approximately $300,000.
Located in and managed by the White RiverNational Forest, in west-central Colorado, CampHale was established in 1942 to provide winter and mountain warfare training during World War II, because of the natural setting of a large, flat valley bottom, surrounded by steep hillsides suitable for training in skiing, rock climbing and cold weather survival skills. The size of CampHale varied between 5,000 and 247,243 acres when it was an active military installation.
Managed by the U.S. Forest Service (White River National Forest), the Camp Hale Formerly Used Defense Site is now used year-round by the public as a recreation area and is included on the National Register of Historic Places.
Since the time CampHale was used for military training, there have been numerous discoveries of unexploded ordinance (UXO) there. As recently as 2003, during efforts to contain a wildfire, UXO used during the training of U.S. troops in World War II was found on the site.
Efforts to remediate public risk from any remaining UXO at CampHale continue. The funding for any response actions at CampHale will depend on how the UXO sites there rank nationally.Depending on that rank, and available federal dollars, the remedial investigations for some or all CampHale munitions may not occur for several years. The Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment has discussed evaluating the hazard liabilities and remediating the site with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers prior to a transfer.
The story of Camp Hale and the men and women who trained there reflects the adaptability that our nation showed during World War II.Studying and determining how best to preserve and protect Camp Hale and to commemorate the sacrifice and heroism so many Americans exhibited as a result of their training is laudable.
We suggest that S. 279 be amended in section two to include the U.S. Forest Service in the study to determine the future of Camp Hale and to remove section three, which includes language concerning water rights.The proposed study would examine the suitability and feasibility of designating Camp Hale as a unit in the National Park System, including evaluating all current uses and rights associated with the land.Since the bill only authorizes a study of the site, there is no possibility of the study having any effect on any water rights.As such, we believe the water rights language in the bill is unnecessary and redundant and we recommend the section be deleted.
Mr. Chairman, this concludes my prepared remarks.I would be happy to answer any questions you or any other members of the subcommittee may have.