Mercury's surface in "enhanced color," a color scheme created to emphasize color differences. This is not what Mercury would look like to the human eye, but by applying mathematical analysis to images, color differences can be accentuated beyond those visible to a person.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
PRINCIPAL DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY INDIAN AFFAIRS
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
SENATE COMMITTEE ON INDIAN AFFAIRS
UNITED STATES SENATE
S. 134, MESCALERO APACHE TRIBE LEASING AUTHORIZATION ACT
OCTOBER 20, 2011
Good afternoon Mr. Chairman, Vice-Chairman Barrasso and Members of the Committee. My name is Del Laverdure. I am the Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs at the Department of the Interior (Department). I am here today to provide the Department's position on S. 134, the Mescalero Apache Tribe Leasing Authorization Act.
The Administration strongly supports the principles of self-determination and self-governance, and recognizes that intrinsic to these principles is tribal control over tribal resources. Like tribal homelands, water is essential to the health, safety, and welfare of Native people, and tribal governments are in the best position to determine how their water will be used. Accordingly, the Department supports S. 134 with the amendments discussed below.
S. 134 would enable the Mescalero Apache Tribe to lease its adjudicated and quantified water rights for use within the State of New Mexico for up to 99 years. The term "adjudicated water rights" is defined as those rights adjudicated to the Tribe in State v. Lewis, 861 P. 2d 235 (N.M. Ct. App. 1993). In leasing its adjudicated water rights, the Tribe would have to comply with New Mexico laws and regulations. In addition, the bill expressly states that the Tribe may not permanently alienate any of its adjudicated water rights.
The ability to lease water rights under S. 134 is consistent with the Department's long-standing support for leasing quantified water rights recognized in Indian water rights settlements. Leasing is an important and acceptable way for which tribes may achieve economic value from use of their resources. The Department believes that the policy on approval of water leases should parallel aspects of its policies on approving leases of land. The Department recommends including language in the bill that provides that the Tribe shall develop tribal water leasing standards and submit such standards to the Secretary of the Interior for approval. The tribal water leasing standards should include provisions under which the tribe would identify and mitigate impacts that could potentially result from water leasing. Following this one-time approval of tribal water leasing standards, the Tribe would then have the authority to approve its own leases of water. In addition, the Department recommends that language should be added clarifying that the bill applies to water leases off the Tribe's reservation.
This concludes my prepared statement. I will be happy to answer any questions the Committee may have.