Mercury's surface in "enhanced color," a color scheme created to emphasize color differences. This is not what Mercury would look like to the human eye, but by applying mathematical analysis to images, color differences can be accentuated beyond those visible to a person.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
H.R. 976, Termination of Hydropower Reservations Relating to Specific BLM Patents in California
December 2, 2011
Thank you for the opportunity to present this Statement for the Record on H.R. 976, which would terminate hydropower reservations on two patents issued by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) for certain lands in Madera County, California.While the BLM has no objection to this bill, its role in this matter – to issue patents as authorized by law – is strictly ministerial.Accordingly, the BLM defers to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) on the termination of the reservations encumbering the patented lands.
Under the Federal Water Power Act of 1920 (FPA), the filing of an application for hydroelectric power development automatically withdraws lands from entry, location, or disposal under the public land laws.If FERC decides that the power development value of the withdrawn lands will not be injured or destroyed by location, entry, or selection under the public land laws and notifies the Secretary of that determination, Section 24 of FPA requires that the Secretary open the lands to location, entry, or selection, subject to a reservation to the United States of the right to use the lands in the future for power development.
In 1920 and 1924, lands managed by the U.S. Forest Service in Madera County, California, were withdrawn for the Federal Power Commission's Power Project 105 on behalf of Southern California Edison Company.In 1983, the BLM issued a patent (04-83-0065) with a Section 24 power reservation for 103 acres within the Power Project 105 withdrawal area.By letter dated April 30, 1986, FERC determined that this power project site withdrawal was "non-essential" and formally vacated the withdrawal.Subsequently, the BLM reopened the formerly withdrawn federal lands to the operation of the public land and mining laws.An additional 41 acres of the previously withdrawn lands were conveyed in 1987 under patent 04-87-0050.
In 2006, Donald Smith requested that the BLM take administrative action to terminate the Section 24 power reservation from patent 04-83-0065. The BLM understands that the interested entities—FERC, the local utility Southern California Edison, and the U.S. Forest Service—do not object to termination of the Section 24 power reservation encumbering the patented lands.The Department of the Interior does not have the authority to remove the Section 24 power reservation from the patent; rather, this may only be accomplished through an Act of Congress.
H.R. 976 terminates the Section 24 power reservation included in patent 04-83-0065 for the parcels of public land conveyed in 1983.The legislation also terminates any Section 24 power reservation that may have been deemed to be omitted from patent 04-87-0050 for the parcels of public land conveyed in 1987. Enactment of H.R. 976 would provide Mr. Smith with clear title to these lands.
Thank you again for the opportunity to present this Statement for the Record on H.R. 976.